2 Questions to ConsiderExplain the nature of the Restoration in England. Of what significance was the legislation enacted by the Restoration Parliament?How did religious matters again bring Parliament and king into conflict? What policies of James II precipitated the Revolution of 1688?Summarize the legislation introduced after the Revolution of 1688?Of what constitutional significance for England was the Revolution of 1688? Why have writers in more recent times “deglorified” the revolution? Give arguments for and against this point of view?What were the consequences of these events for Scotland? Ireland?
3 Terms to Know Charles II Dissenters Treaty of Dover “declaration of indulgence”Test ActWhigs and Tories“trial of seven bishops”“Glorious Revolution”William and MaryBattle of the BoyneBill of RightsUnited Kingdom of Great BritainAct of Settlement of 1701Toleration Act“penal code” for Ireland
4 The Restoration, 1660 – 1688: The Later Stuarts Along with the monarchy, the Anglican church and the Parliament were restoredCharles II is wary of ParliamentParliament is more loyal to king to keep the peaceParliament cleans up property rights by abolishing feudal paymentsRents are replaced with taxes that Parliament controls by placing taxes on themselvesPayment of taxes gives Parliament control over Englandarranged to have the king paid from taxes (Parliamentary control)
5 The Restoration Continued Landowners became the justices of the peace “squirearchy”decided small lawsuits, punished misdemeanors, cared for roadsExclusion of the DissentersPuritans are excluded from government participationforbidden to teach school, excluded from two corporations, gov. jobs, from having religious meetings, to sit in the HOCCommoners are excluded as well Act of Settlement of 1662 limited the movement of the pooreach parish is responsible for its own poor (keep them immobile)
6 The Restoration Continued Re-Catholicization was a slow drifting tendency in much of EuropeEngland remained staunchly anti-CatholicCharles II was Catholic at heartSecret treaty of Dover of 1670Charles agreed to help Louis against the DutchLouis agreed to give Charles 3 million livresJames the heir of Charles announced his conversion to Rome (Catholicism)Declaration of indulgenceCharles II announced non-enforcement of laws against dissentersfeared as a way to promote CatholicismJames II of England
7 The Restoration Continued Parliament passes the “Test Act” 1673All office holders had to take communion in the Church of England (1828)Movement to exclude James from the throne by law growsExclusionists (known as Whigs) were mostly from Upper Aristocracy (great nobles)Kings supporters (Tories) Lower Aristocracy and gentry
8 The Revolution of 1688 1685 James II becomes king Suspends the Test Act and appoints Catholics to important positionsThe alienation created by James II moves Tories over to Whig side1688 a son is born to James II and baptized CatholicLeading political figures abandon James II and offer the throne to his daughter Mary (Protestant)Mary is the wife of William III who is focused solely on the plight of the Dutch
9 The Revolution of 1688William III “invades” England and James II flees1689 a skirmish with James II in Ireland (Catholic) ends the dispute and James II flees to FranceLouis XIV refuses to recognize William III as king and supports James II
10 The Revolution of 1688 Continued 1689 Bill of Rightsno law could be suspended by the kingno taxes could be raised or army maintained without Parliament’s consentno subject could be arrested without legal process1701 Act of Settlementno Catholic could be king of EnglandToleration ActAllows Dissenters to practice their religion but not be in govExistence of Catholic interests eventually was accepted ending wars over religion in England
11 Irish Threat of Revolution 1707 Scotland unites with EnglandKeeps Catholicism off the throne in ScotlandGives Scotland economic rights in Englandrights to the East India Company, English colonies, mercantilism, and Navigation Acts
12 Irish Threat of Revolution England establishes a “penal” code over Ireland to keep it in checkCatholic clergy was bannedCatholics could not voteCatholic teachers could not teachCatholic parents could not send children to Catholic schoolsCatholics could not take a degree at Trinity CollegeCatholic Irishmen could not purchase landCatholic Irishmen could not own a horse worth more than 5 poundsIrish exports are prohibitedIrish imports must come from EnglandIreland was the most repressed population in Europe
14 Coalition Against France England joins the coalition against France under William’s leadershipEngland lends money to the DutchCreate the Bank of EnglandCreates liquidity that the Continent cannot matchBritish National DebtMerchants of London, Whig aristocrats, having lent money to gov had big reason to defend it
15 Glorious RevolutionSum of events after 1688 became known as the Glorious RevolutionParliamentary governmentRule of lawRight of rebellion against tyranny (not in Ireland)Restrictions on the power of English kingsParticipation in government in England is limitedno salariesserves the landed aristocracy1710 Act requires large, landed incomes of HOC membersThis class in many ways was the only class fit to lead
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.