Presentation on theme: "The Jacobite risings By Cory. The Jacobite risings The Jacobite risings were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in Britain and Ireland occurring."— Presentation transcript:
The Jacobite risings The Jacobite risings were a series of uprisings, rebellions, and wars in Britain and Ireland occurring between 1688 and 1746. The uprisings were aimed at returning James VII of Scotland and II of ENGLAND, and later his descendants of the House of Stuart, to the throne after he was deposed by Parliament during the Glorious Revolution. The series of conflicts takes its name from Jacobus, the Latin form of James. The major Jacobite Risings were called the Jacobite Rebellions by the ruling governments. The "First Jacobite Rebellion" and "Second Jacobite Rebellion" were known respectively as "The Fifteen" and "The Forty-Five", after the years in which they occurred (1715 and 1745).
The Jacobite risings From the second half of the 17th century onwards, the kingdoms in Great Britain and Ireland suffered political and religious turmoil. The Commonwealth ended with the Restoration of Charles II, re-establishment of the Church of England and imposition of Episcopalian church government. In 1685 Charles II was succeeded by his Roman Catholic brother, James II and VII. He tried to impose religious tolerance of Roman Catholics and Protestant Dissenters, but antagonized many of the Anglican establishment by this action, as they were suspicious of Catholic power.
The Jacobite risings Although these actions were widely unpopular, at first the majority of his subjects tolerated these acts because James was in his 50s and both of his daughters were committed Protestants. It seemed that James' reign would be short and a the throne would soon return to Protestant hands. In 1688 however James's young second wife Mary of Modena gave birth to a boy, Prince James who was promptly baptized a Roman Catholic. Due to English and Scottish sucession laws, The baby James immediately supplanted his older half sisters as heir to the throne. Now the prospect of a Catholic dynasty on the English throne seemed all but certain.
The Jacobite risings Although each Jacobite Rising had unique features, they were part of a larger series of military campaigns by Jacobite attempting to restore the Stuart kings to the thrones of Scotland and England (and after 1707, Great Britain). James VII of Scotland and II of England was deposed in 1688 and the thrones were claimed by his daughter Mary II jointly with her husband, the Dutch-born William of Orange. After the House of Hanover succeeded to the british throne in 1714, the risings continued, and intensified. They continued until the last Jacobite Rebellion ("the Forty-Five"), led by Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), who was soundly defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. This ended any realistic hope of a Stuart restoration.