Presentation on theme: "Starter : What is going on in the picture and how does the image link to the 2 characters opposite? 5 mins."— Presentation transcript:
Starter : What is going on in the picture and how does the image link to the 2 characters opposite? 5 mins
William and Mary William, Duke of Orange (Dutch protestant) Mary, daughter of King James II (Protestant)
How glorious was the Glorious Revolution? By the end of the lesson you will: 1.All be able to describe the events of the Glorious Revolution 2.Most of you will be able to explain why the events happened and the implication of the revolution 3.Some of you will be able to analyse how this one event has led to a lasting legacy of difference and political division within the isles surrounding Britain
Summary of events King James II inherited the throne from his brother, Charles II in 1685, after Charles died leaving no legitimate heir. King James did not hide his Catholicism, like his brother had done. This worried the mostly Protestant Parliament especially once James gave important posts to Catholics. Shortly after becoming King, his 2 nd wife, Mary of Modena gave birth to a son, who was said to follow the religion of his father. This was a blow to James’ daughters from his first marriage to Anne Hyde. There is a story that the baby was still born, but due to a need for a male heir, another baby, born the same night was swapped in a bed pan with the King’s own son. This has never been proven though! Parliament disliked James’ Catholic ways and invited his son in law, William of Orange, (husband of James’ daughter Mary), to invade England and to take the thrown by force. James didn’t want to have the same fate as his father and fled to France in This is known as the Glorious Revolution.
Tasks Tell the story of the Glorious Revolution in your own way. It could be a story board, a newspaper article, a series of facebook updates or tweets, a written summary …… Think about who might have given this series of events the name “Glorious Revolution” and why? Your answer should be evident in your work. 25 mins
So what happened once William and Mary had taken power? Try and complete the sentences on the next slide. Think carefully about what led to William and Mary taking the throne from Mary’s father, James II.
The Bill of Rights No king or queen can be a …… 2.No king or queen can marry a …….. 3.……………….cannot be Members of Parliament 4.……………….cannot vote 5.Kings and queens must take notice of laws passed by ……………… 6.………………………...must be elected every three years 7.Kings or queens can command the army but it is controlled by ………………………….. 8.Kings or queens will be given money by …………… to pay for their everyday costs 15 mins
The Bill of Rights No king or queen can be a Catholic 2.No king or queen can marry a Catholic 3.Catholics cannot be Members of Parliament 4.Catholics cannot vote 5.Kings and queens must take notice of laws passed by Parliament 6.Parliament must be elected every three years 7.Kings or queens can command the army but it is controlled by parliament 8.Kings or queens will be given money by Parliament to pay for their everyday costs Were you right? Mark your own and make any corrections. 5 mins
What James II didWiseNot wise Catholic officers were appointed to posts in the army Over 250 Justices of the Peace were replaced by Catholics James restored rights to Catholics which they had lost People who protested against this were sent to prison He appointed Catholics to the Privy Council In 1685 James got rid of Parliament James gave greater freedom to Roman Catholics James upset Protestants He executed those who rebelled against him James had a son in 1688 Review of King James’ reign Mini starter 5-10 mins
What about the Catholics? Their lot had improved under King James II. They wouldn’t be happy with the Bill of Rights. So, where would the best place be for the Catholics to stage a rebellion ? Orange Day parade 3 mins
Task Look at the information on the following slides. Make notes as if you are a modern journalist reporting on the story behind the Orange Day parade every 12 th July (10 mins) Use your notes to create a TV / radio broadcast in small groups to tell the story. (20 mins)
The Glorious Revolution continued In April 1689, James II, having recovered his nerve and being determined to win back his throne, returned to Ireland, which was home to many fellow-Catholics. From here James hoped to raise an army and cross again to England. Although the new English king, William III, was in difficulty fighting the French, a Protestant army was able to deliver a crushing defeat against James and his Catholic supporters at the Battle of the Boyne, in June 1689.
The Glorious Revolution continued Both James II's Catholic son and grandson tried to regain the throne of England and Scotland. In 1715, James's son, called the "Old Pretender", landed in Scotland but did not stay to give battle. In 1745, James's grandson, known as the "Young Pretender" or "Bonnie Prince Charlie", landed in the Hebrides and gathered supporters from all over the Scottish highlands. They entered Edinburgh and began to threaten England.
The Glorious Revolution continued The Duke of Cumberland, son of King George II, led an English army against Bonnie Prince Charlie at Culloden, near Inverness, in April This was the last battle to be fought on British soil. It was a crushing defeat for the Jacobites, as the supporters of the Catholic Stuarts were known. A threat to the Protestant Monarchy from Catholics has not happened since this time.
William and Mary arrive 1688 Catholic revolt in Ireland Battle of the Boyne 1689 where James and the Catholics are defeated Battle of the Boyne 1689 Invasion of England in 1715 by the Jacobites Scotland becomes part of the United Kingdom in 1707
Why remember 1689? Moderates hope bonfires will not fan flames of hatred Tomorrow night, on the eve of July 12, the sky over Northern Ireland will be thick with smoke, and tension is building in opposing camps Newspaper headline 2004
Who is this? 2 mins
How glorious was the Glorious Revolution? Now use the numbers 1-3 to demonstrate where you have: 1.described the events of the Glorious Revolution 2.explained why the events happened and the implication of the revolution 3.analysed how this one event led to a lasting legacy of difference and political division within the isles surrounding Britain 2-3 mins