Presentation on theme: "The History of England Part II. Henry VIII (1491 – 1547) is sometimes compared to the Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible. He had 6 wives most of which were."— Presentation transcript:
The History of England Part II
Henry VIII (1491 – 1547) is sometimes compared to the Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible. He had 6 wives most of which were imprisoned and beheaded on his order. Mary I Tudor, also called the Bloody, was the daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon whom he ordered to execute. She didn’t rule for a long time – only 5 years. She had no children and died in London in 1558.
Anne Boleyn was the second wife of Henry VIII and the mother of the future Queen Elizabeth II. Henry VIII ordered to imprison and to behead her. After the mother’s execution the young Elizabeth was named “a bastard” and sent into exile to Hatfield Castle. Hatfield Castle – the castle where Elizabeth I spent her childhood.
Elizabeth I Tudor The most successful queen of England. The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, she had been considered a bastard, a prisoner, but became the queen after all! She was the last of the Tudor dynasty because she was single and had no children.
“The Young Elizabeth as a Prisoner in the Tower” (A medieval drawing) The coronation of Queen Elizabeth I (A medieval drawing)
The coronation portrait of Elizabeth I painted in 1600 “The Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I with an Ermine” (William Segar, 1585)
“Queen Elizabeth I Feeding a German Cow” (Painting, 1585) An item of jewellery with Queen Elizabeth’s bust
“Queen Elizabeth I Welcomes her Soldiers Who Have Won at Tilbury” (A drawing by a modern painter) Queen Elizabeth I was a well-educated woman and could play a lute very well
Mary Stuart, the Scottish queen, was the cousin of Elizabeth I and a victim of struggle for power. Imprisoned for 29 years and beheaded. King James I Stuart was the son of Mary Stuart and the first of the Scottish dynasty to reign over England.
Stuart Charles I Stuart was the victim of the English Revolution. He was executed on the order of Oliver Cromwell in 1649. Charles II Stuart(1630 – 1685) was the first son of the murdered King Charles I. He became the King of England, Scotland and Ireland in the period called “The Restoration”. He was nicknamed “the Merry Monarch”.
James II Stuart(1633 - 1701) supported feudal reaction and the Catholic Church. In 1685 he dissolved the Parliament. It led to the consolidation of oppositional forces which invited William the Orange to rule over England, so in 1688 James II escaped abroad… William III the Orange (1689 – 1694) was the husband of James’s daughter Mary II Stuart. In 1701 he created the Bill of Rights which made the basis of the constitutional monarchy. Died in 1702.
Anne II Stuart (1702 – 1714) The Hanover Dynasty started in 1714 with the reign of George I. During the reign England had a successful war with Spain. You can see the Duke of Marlborough gathering the army.
(1683 – 1760)George II (1683 – 1760) was the second king of the Hanover dynasty. He ruled over England since 1727. George III (1738 – 1820) was the grandson of George II. His father Frederic had conflicts with George II, so it was George III who became the King in 1760. He was a good king, but gradually he became insane.
Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901) She started to reign in 1837 and was the ruling queen until her death. Here you can see Queen Victoria with her husband – Prince Albert. They have always been a loving family. Queen Victoria was the last of the Hanover dynasty.
The Windsor Dynasty The Windsor dynasty started in 1901 when Edward VII, the son of Queen Victoria, came to the throne. At that time he was 60 years old. He ruled the country until his death in 1910. Edward VII has made a great contribution to the establishing of Great Britain.
Who Ruled Over the UK in the 20 th century? 1910 – King George V (1865 – 1936). 1936 – King Edward VIII. Abdicated to be able to marry a woman from a humble family. Died in 1972. King George VI became the king after the abdication of his elder brother. Died of cancer in 1952. 1952 – Queen Elizabeth II, the ruling queen of nowadays’ Britain.
Can you add anything? Make your variant! Make a try!
Can you recall the information?
Henry VIII is sometimes compared to ___. The Daughter of Henry VIII Mary I Tudor, was also called _____. Anne Boleyn was the mother of Elizabeth I, but was _____ and beheaded. The young Elizabeth was ____ to Hatfield Castle. Elizabeth I had been considered a ___, a ____, but became the ____ after all! She was the last of the Tudor dynasty because she _____ and had _____.
Elizabeth I was the most _____ queen of England. Queen Elizabeth I could play a ___ very well. Mary Stuart, the ____ queen, was the cousin of Elizabeth I and a ____ of struggle for power. James I Stuart, the son of Mary Stuart, reigned over England after ____.
Charles I was the victim of ____. Charles II became the King of _____ in the period called ____. James II supported ____ reaction and the ____ Church. In 1685 he _____ the Parliament. It led to the _____ of oppositional forces which invited ____ to rule over England. In 1701 William the Orange created ____ which made the basis of the ____.
During the reign of George I England had _____ with Spain. Queen Victoria started to reign in 1837 and was the ____ until her death. Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert have always been a ____. The _____ dynasty started in 1901 when Edward VII, the son of Queen Victoria, ____. He ruled over the country ____ in 1910. Edward VII has made ____ to the establishing of Great Britain.
King Edward VIII _____ to be able to marry a woman from a ____ family. King George VI became the king after the _____ of his elder brother and died of ____ in 1952. The _____ queen of today’s Britain is Queen Elizabeth II.
Homework (variants) 1.Retell the summary. 2.Choose a period of the English history and make your own project. 3.Present your project.