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Music in The Renaissance ( )

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Presentation on theme: "Music in The Renaissance ( )"— Presentation transcript:

1 Music in The Renaissance (1450-1600)
N.H.S. Humanities

2 Renaissance time line 1450-1500 Josquin Desprez:
Misse Pange Lingua “Kyrie” Arts and letters: Botticelli, La Primavera (1477) Historical events: Fall of Constantinople (1453) Gutenberg Bible (1456) Columbus reaches America (1492)

3 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina:
Renaissance time line Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina: Pope Marcellus Mass (1563) “Qui Tollis” Leonardo Da Vinci, Mona Lisa (c. 1503) Michelangelo, David (1504) Raphael, School of Athens (1505) Titan, Venus and the Lute Player (c. 1570)

4 Renaissance time line 1500-1600
Thomas Weelkes: As Vesta Was Descending (1601) Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet (1596) Martin Luther’s ninety-five theses, start of the Reformation (1517) Council of Trent ( ) Elizabeth I, queen of England ( ) Spanish Armada defeated (1588)

5 The Renaissance Rebirth, or renaissance of human creativity
Period of exploration and adventure (Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan) Curiosity and individualism (Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci). Interest in realism Humanism Catholic Church is less powerful than during Middle Ages – Martin Luther’s Protestant Reformation More books are printed in Europe

6 Music in the Renaissance 1450-1600
Every educated person is expected to be trained in music Renaissance town musicians: higher pay and status Flemish composers: parts of the Netherlands, Belgium, and northern France. Germany, England and Spain – other countries with a vibrant musical life

7 Characteristics of Renaissance music
Words and music Vocal music is more important than instrumental Music enhances the meaning and emotion of the text. Word painting: musical representation of specific poetic images Moderate, balanced way of expression: no extreme contrasts of dynamics, tone color or rhythm

8 Characteristics of Renaissance music
Texture Chiefly polyphonic. 4, 5 or 6 voice parts with equal melodic interest Imitation is common Homophonic texture is also used Fuller sound than medieval: bass register Mild and relaxed: consonant chords. Golden age of a cappella

9 Characteristics of Renaissance music
Rhythm and melody Rhythm is a gentle flow: Each melodic line has great rhythmic independence Melody usually moves along a scale with few large leaps

10 Sacred music in the Renaissance
2 main forms: Motet and Mass Motet – polyphonic choral work set to sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass Mass – polyphonic choral work with 5 sections: Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus Dei

11 Josquin Desprez (1440-1521) and the Motet
A Flemish composer from Belgium, contemporary of Leonardo Da Vinci and Columbus Ave Maria…virgo serena: 4-voice motet Texture is varied: polyphonic and homophonic Duple/triple meter change

12 Palestrina (1525-1594) and the Mass
Italian Renaissance composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina 104 masses and some 450 other sacred works For centuries, his masses are regarded as models of church music

13 Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass
A capella choir SATTBB Kyrie – 1st section of the mass: Kyrie Eleison Christe Eleison

14 Secular music Vocal music: groups of solo voices with the accompaniment. Word painting was common Madrigal – a piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love. Combines homophonic and polyphonic textures. More unusual harmonies Originated in Italy around Became popular in England. English madrigals are lighter and more humorous than Italian As Vesta Was Descending by Thomas Weelkes ( ), and organist and church composer

15 The Renaissance Ballet (Fa-La)
A simpler type of secular vocal music A dance-like song for several voices Mostly homophonic in structure. Fa-la syllables are used as refrain Now Is the Month of Maying (1595) by Thomas Morley ( ), English composer Each stanza: AA – refrain – BB - refrain

16 Instrumental music Instrumental music becomes more independent
Most music is for dance: Pavane or passamezzo– duple meter Galliard – triple meter Harpsichord, organ, lute, recorder, trumpet, cornett, sackbut (early trombone), viol, regal (small organ with reed pipes), shawm (ancestor of the oboe) Instrumental form of theme and variations

17 The Venetian School: from Renaissance to Baroque
16th century Venice – a center of instrumental and vocal music Venetian School – music directors and organists of St. Mark’s Cathedral and their colleagues

18 Giovanni Gabrieli (1555-1612) and the polychoral motet
The most important Venetian composer of the late Renaissance before Monteverdi Polychoral motets – motets for 2 or more choirs, often with instrumentalists Plaudite (Clap Your Hands), Written for a large vocal and instrumental ensemble of 12 voice parts divided into 3 choirs: low, middle and high register choirs The homophonic structure of this piece brings it closer to Baroque style

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