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Vocal Music cont… Renaissance Ballett (Fa-La) –Simpler than madrigal, dance-like –For several solo voices –Homophonic (a contrast to most Ren. music),

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Presentation on theme: "Vocal Music cont… Renaissance Ballett (Fa-La) –Simpler than madrigal, dance-like –For several solo voices –Homophonic (a contrast to most Ren. music),"— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocal Music cont… Renaissance Ballett (Fa-La) –Simpler than madrigal, dance-like –For several solo voices –Homophonic (a contrast to most Ren. music), melody in highest voice –Same music repeated for each verse/stanza, syllables “fa-la” used as refrain –Also originated in Italy, cultivated in England

2 LISTENING TO BALLETT –Now Is the Month of Maying (1595) Thomas Morley –See books pg. 113

3 INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC Early 1500’s: inst. music was largely adapted from vocal music. Harpsichord, organ, lute Lute – plucked string instrument with body shaped like half a pear

4 Late 1500’s (16 th c.): more music written specifically for inst. Mostly intended for dancing (common pass time) –Everyone expected to know how, taught by professional dance masters –Popular dances: pavane or passamezzo (duple meter) Galliard (triple meter)

5 Instrumental Music, cont… musicians distinguished between loud, outdoor instruments like trumpet, and shawm (ancestor of oboe), and soft, indoor inst. like lute and recorder.

6 Other inst. of the Renaissance –Cornett – wooden, cup-shaped mouthpiece

7 –Sackbut – early trombone

8 –Viols – pretty obvious –Regals (small organ with reed pipes)

9 –Passamezzo (or pavane) – stately dance in duple meter This recording includes bowed strings, plucked strings, woodwinds, brasses, keyboard ints., timpani. 3 sections (abc), each immediately repeated louder, with more instruments (a a’ b b’ c c’)

10 –Galliard – carefree dance in triple meter Same melody as our passamezzo, more upbeat Smaller ensemble: bowed strings, plucked strings, woodwinds, harpsichord 3 short sections, each ending with a cadence and brief pause, then repeated more fully (just like pavane) –But then, each section is repeated in succession at the end. –a a’ b b’ c c’ a’ b’ c’

11 Passamezzo and Galliard from Terpsichore –Michael Praetorius ( ) –From collection of over 300 dances

12 Renaissance Pavane

13 Chapter 4: The Venetian School –From Renaissance to Baroque Venice, Italy: center of Western music in 16 th c.

14 –Venice: seaport built on tiny islands separated by canals –Thriving commercial center for trade between Europe and near east.

15 –Focal point for music in Venice: St. Mark’s Cathedral –wealthy, colorful, employed up to 50 musicians

16 Famous music directors of St. Mark’s –Adrian Willaert (about ) –Andrea Gabrieli (about ) –his nephew, Giovanni Gabrieli Among the finest comp. of the Ren. Along with their colleagues, called the Venetian School

17 –Composers inspired by unique architectural feature of St. Mark’s Cathedral: 2 widely separated choir lofts, each with an organ Wrote music for several choruses and groups of instruments (cori spezzati) Becomes mostly homophonic 1 st time we see choral music with specifically instrumental parts – the biggest factor in turning us toward the Baroque era!

18 –Giovanni Gabrieli (about ) Native of Venice Most important Venetian composer of late Ren. Organist at St. Mark’s 1585-death Composed organ, instrumental and polychoral motets –His polychoral motets call for two to five choirs – the Polychoral Motet Plaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597)

19 –the Polychoral Motet –Plaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597) Joyful Large vocal ensemble of 12 voice parts in 3 choirs Instrumental ensemble (choice of inst. left to performers) Exploits “stereophonic” possibilities of St. Mark’s by rapidly tossing short phrases among 3 separate choirs. Choirs also combine for massive sonority (sound) Dynamic contrast within this piece is a sign of what comes next in the Baroque.

20 VOCABULARY REVIEW Renaissance Individualism “Universal man” Humanism Realism Linear Perspective Text Painting/Word Painting Imitation Consonance/Dissonance A cappella Motet Mass –Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei Josquin Desprez Imitation Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina Protestant Reformation Counter-Reformation

21 Council of Trent Madrigal Thomas Weelkes Ballett Thomas Morley Pavane/Passamezzo Galliard Lute Cornett Sackbut Shawm Recorder Regal Michael Praetorius Venice, Italy St. Mark’s Cathedral Venetian School Giovanni Gabrieli Cori spezzati Polychoral motet

22 UNIT III PRESENTATIONS Technology: Movable Type Printing Press, Gutenberg Bible Kalyn Julian Blake Jacob Religion: Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation Dominique Phil Alec Bilal Exploration: Columbus, da Gama, Magellan Kieryn Claire Chris Taimoor Art: da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael Emma Aaron Sami Ryan Literature: William Shakespeare Anna Andrew Nathan Nick

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