Presentation on theme: "Vocal Music cont… Renaissance Ballett (Fa-La)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Vocal Music cont… Renaissance Ballett (Fa-La) Simpler than madrigal, dance-likeFor several solo voicesHomophonic (a contrast to most Ren. music), melody in highest voiceSame music repeated for each verse/stanza, syllables “fa-la” used as refrainAlso originated in Italy, cultivated in England
2 LISTENING TO BALLETT Now Is the Month of Maying (1595) Thomas Morley See books pg. 113
3 INSTRUMENTAL MUSICEarly 1500’s: inst. music was largely adapted from vocal music.Harpsichord, organ, luteLute –plucked stringinstrument withbody shapedlike half a pear
4 Late 1500’s (16th c.): more music written specifically for inst. Mostly intended for dancing (common pass time)Everyone expected to know how, taught by professional dance mastersPopular dances:pavane or passamezzo (duple meter)Galliard (triple meter)
5 Instrumental Music, cont… musicians distinguished between loud, outdoor instruments like trumpet, and shawm (ancestor of oboe), and soft, indoor inst. like lute and recorder.
6 Other inst. of the Renaissance Cornett – wooden, cup-shaped mouthpiece
8 Viols – pretty obviousRegals (small organ with reed pipes)
9 Passamezzo (or pavane) – stately dance in duple meter This recording includes bowed strings, plucked strings, woodwinds, brasses, keyboard ints., timpani.3 sections (abc), each immediately repeated louder, with more instruments (a a’ b b’ c c’)
10 Galliard – carefree dance in triple meter Same melody as our passamezzo, more upbeatSmaller ensemble: bowed strings, plucked strings, woodwinds, harpsichord3 short sections, each ending with a cadence and brief pause, then repeated more fully (just like pavane)But then, each section is repeated in succession at the end.a a’ b b’ c c’ a’ b’ c’
11 Passamezzo and Galliard from Terpsichore Michael Praetorius ( )From collection of over 300 dances
13 Chapter 4: The Venetian School From Renaissance to BaroqueVenice, Italy:center ofWesternmusic in16th c.
14 Venice: seaport built on tiny islands separated by canals Thriving commercial center for trade between Europe and near east.
15 Focal point for music in Venice: St. Mark’s Cathedralwealthy, colorful, employed up to 50 musicians
16 Famous music directors of St. Mark’s Adrian Willaert (about )Andrea Gabrieli (about )his nephew, Giovanni GabrieliAmong the finest comp. of the Ren.Along with their colleagues, called theVenetian School
17 Venetian SchoolComposers inspired by unique architectural feature of St. Mark’s Cathedral:2 widely separated choir lofts, each with an organWrote music for several choruses and groups of instruments (cori spezzati)Becomes mostly homophonic1st time we see choral music with specifically instrumental parts – the biggest factor in turning us toward the Baroque era!
18 Giovanni Gabrieli (about 1555-1612) Native of VeniceMost important Venetian composerof late Ren.Organist at St. Mark’s 1585-deathComposed organ, instrumental and polychoral motetsHis polychoral motets call for two to five choirsthe Polychoral MotetPlaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597)
19 Plaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597) the Polychoral MotetPlaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597)JoyfulLarge vocal ensemble of 12 voice parts in 3 choirsInstrumental ensemble (choice of inst. left to performers)Exploits “stereophonic” possibilities of St. Mark’s by rapidly tossing short phrases among 3 separate choirs.Choirs also combine for massive sonority (sound)Dynamic contrast within this piece is a sign of what comes next in the Baroque.
21 Council of TrentMadrigalThomas WeelkesBallettThomas MorleyPavane/PassamezzoGalliardLuteCornettSackbutShawmRecorderRegalMichael PraetoriusVenice, ItalySt. Mark’s CathedralVenetian SchoolGiovanni GabrieliCori spezzatiPolychoral motet
22 UNIT III PRESENTATIONS Exploration: Columbus, da Gama, MagellanKierynClaireChrisTaimoorArt: da Vinci, Michelangelo, RaphaelEmmaAaronSamiRyanLiterature: William ShakespeareAnnaAndrewNathanNickTechnology: Movable Type Printing Press, Gutenberg BibleKalynJulianBlakeJacobReligion: Martin Luther and the Protestant ReformationDominiquePhilAlecBilal