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Vocal Music cont… Renaissance Ballett (Fa-La)

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1 Vocal Music cont… Renaissance Ballett (Fa-La)
Simpler than madrigal, dance-like For several solo voices Homophonic (a contrast to most Ren. music), melody in highest voice Same music repeated for each verse/stanza, syllables “fa-la” used as refrain Also originated in Italy, cultivated in England

2 LISTENING TO BALLETT Now Is the Month of Maying (1595) Thomas Morley
See books pg. 113

3 INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC Early 1500’s: inst. music was largely adapted from vocal music. Harpsichord, organ, lute Lute – plucked string instrument with body shaped like half a pear

4 Late 1500’s (16th c.): more music written specifically for inst.
Mostly intended for dancing (common pass time) Everyone expected to know how, taught by professional dance masters Popular dances: pavane or passamezzo (duple meter) Galliard (triple meter)

5 Instrumental Music, cont…
musicians distinguished between loud, outdoor instruments like trumpet, and shawm (ancestor of oboe), and soft, indoor inst. like lute and recorder.

6 Other inst. of the Renaissance
Cornett – wooden, cup-shaped mouthpiece

7 Sackbut – early trombone

8 Viols – pretty obvious Regals (small organ with reed pipes)

9 Passamezzo (or pavane) – stately dance in duple meter
This recording includes bowed strings, plucked strings, woodwinds, brasses, keyboard ints., timpani. 3 sections (abc), each immediately repeated louder, with more instruments (a a’ b b’ c c’)

10 Galliard – carefree dance in triple meter
Same melody as our passamezzo, more upbeat Smaller ensemble: bowed strings, plucked strings, woodwinds, harpsichord 3 short sections, each ending with a cadence and brief pause, then repeated more fully (just like pavane) But then, each section is repeated in succession at the end. a a’ b b’ c c’ a’ b’ c’

11 Passamezzo and Galliard from Terpsichore
Michael Praetorius ( ) From collection of over 300 dances

12 Renaissance Pavane <iframe width="420" height="345" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/hVBlFUb0g60" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

13 Chapter 4: The Venetian School
From Renaissance to Baroque Venice, Italy: center of Western music in 16th c.

14 Venice: seaport built on tiny islands separated by canals
Thriving commercial center for trade between Europe and near east.

15 Focal point for music in Venice:
St. Mark’s Cathedral wealthy, colorful, employed up to 50 musicians

16 Famous music directors of St. Mark’s
Adrian Willaert (about ) Andrea Gabrieli (about ) his nephew, Giovanni Gabrieli Among the finest comp. of the Ren. Along with their colleagues, called the Venetian School

17 Venetian School Composers inspired by unique architectural feature of St. Mark’s Cathedral: 2 widely separated choir lofts, each with an organ Wrote music for several choruses and groups of instruments (cori spezzati) Becomes mostly homophonic 1st time we see choral music with specifically instrumental parts – the biggest factor in turning us toward the Baroque era!

18 Giovanni Gabrieli (about 1555-1612)
Native of Venice Most important Venetian composer of late Ren. Organist at St. Mark’s 1585-death Composed organ, instrumental and polychoral motets His polychoral motets call for two to five choirs the Polychoral Motet Plaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597)

19 Plaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597)
the Polychoral Motet Plaudite (Clap Your Hands, 1597) Joyful Large vocal ensemble of 12 voice parts in 3 choirs Instrumental ensemble (choice of inst. left to performers) Exploits “stereophonic” possibilities of St. Mark’s by rapidly tossing short phrases among 3 separate choirs. Choirs also combine for massive sonority (sound) Dynamic contrast within this piece is a sign of what comes next in the Baroque.

20 VOCABULARY REVIEW Motet Renaissance Individualism Mass “Universal man”
Humanism Realism Linear Perspective Text Painting/Word Painting Imitation Consonance/Dissonance A cappella Motet Mass Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei Josquin Desprez Imitation Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina Protestant Reformation Counter-Reformation

21 Council of Trent Madrigal Thomas Weelkes Ballett Thomas Morley Pavane/Passamezzo Galliard Lute Cornett Sackbut Shawm Recorder Regal Michael Praetorius Venice, Italy St. Mark’s Cathedral Venetian School Giovanni Gabrieli Cori spezzati Polychoral motet

22 UNIT III PRESENTATIONS
Exploration: Columbus, da Gama, Magellan Kieryn Claire Chris Taimoor Art: da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael Emma Aaron Sami Ryan Literature: William Shakespeare Anna Andrew Nathan Nick Technology: Movable Type Printing Press, Gutenberg Bible Kalyn Julian Blake Jacob Religion: Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation Dominique Phil Alec Bilal


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