Presentation on theme: "1.What is the greek term, from the league of corinth that means “common peace” ? 2.What year was the theban rebellion? 3.How were the thebans punished."— Presentation transcript:
1.What is the greek term, from the league of corinth that means “common peace” ? 2.What year was the theban rebellion? 3.How were the thebans punished for rebelling? 4.Which other state, that assisted in the rebellion, got let off lightly? 5.Why did they get let off lightly? 6.What did the way alexander treated thebes after the rebellion, teach the other greek states? 7.What outsider offered gold to the greek states if they rebelled? 8.Why did they offer gold for rebellion? 9.Why did thebes think it was a good time to rebel against Alexander and Macedonia? 10.What did Alexander do first before he attacked thebes, in the rebellion?
Alexander and the Greeks
Revolt of Agis III of Sparta 331 BC While Alexander is away the Spartans play New Vocab: Mercenary = a professional soldier. Most soldiers Fought for their own state or country because they were Proud to fight for their homeland. Mercenaries were people who Were employed by other states or countries to fight for them. Some saw Mercenaries as traitors to their homeland.
King Agis wanted to break free from Macedonian rule. So he set some rebellions up to challenge the Macedonian authority.
First Revolt, 333BC King Agis’ first revolt ended when he defeated the Macedonian general near Corinth. King AgisCorrhagus
Second Revolt, 331BC Memnon (Governor of Thrace who Decided to go against the authority Of Macedonia) rebelled. He was supported by the Thracians Antipater (the man who was left in Charge of Macedonia, as deputy Hegemon) went To Thrace with his army to stop the revolt. Thrace In Macedonia. Goes to Thrace
Third Revolt, 331BC 10 ships 30 talents Employed 8000 of Darius’ Old Mercenaries (From Issus) With the help Of Autophrades King Agis III allied himself with the Persians Rebel against Macedonian rule King Agis King Agis saw it as a good time to rebel because Antipater was distracted Sorting out things out in Thrace.
Third Revolt, 331BC King Agis’ brother, Agesilaus King Agis and his Brother captured Cities in Crete. They forced the cities To join the Persian Side. Crete
Third Revolt, 331BC Back on the mainland. King Agis recruited more Mercenaries and wrote to Greek states to Ask for their support. Athens refused to contribute anything (including Ships) because they had learnt from the Theban rebellion. After recruting, his army equalled 30,000 men. Alexander Was happy To let Anitpater Sort out this situation
Third Revolt, 331BC Antipater (the man who was left in Charge as deputy Hegemon) arranged a settlement with Memnon and convinced him to join his side and fight King Agis. Memnon, as part of the settlement Remained as Governor of Thrace and Received more Territory. Thrace Okay it’s a deal. Join the macedonians, we can fight King Agis together! memnon
With an army of 40,000 Antipater and Memnon defeated King Agis’ army at Megapolis members of King Agis’ army died, including King Agis. memnon agis antipater Grr towards agis
The end of the Third Revolt Antipater asked the League of Corinth what to do to punish Sparta for rebelling. The league of Corinth asked Alexander what they should do with the Spartans 50 Spartan nobles were taken as hostages in the meantime. Alexander decided that Sparta should be forced to join the League of Corinth Other states (Eleans, Acadians, Achaeans) who joined the revolt had to pay 120 talents.
What this event showed about Alexander:
Homework: Paul Artus read p.30. Answer questions on p.31 (number 11)