Presentation on theme: "Greece and Persia Persia’s Background Started off as a group of unorganized, nomadic people. Grew into a large empire thanks to Cyrus the Great. –Cyrus."— Presentation transcript:
Greece and Persia
Persia’s Background Started off as a group of unorganized, nomadic people. Grew into a large empire thanks to Cyrus the Great. –Cyrus did not mistreat those he conquered, earned him respect. Later ruled by Darius I claimed power and expanded the empire even further.
The Persians Fight Greece 499 BC, several cities in the Persian Empire rebelled. –Greek city-states send troops to assist. –Persians ended the rebellion but were angry with Greece for getting involved. –Darius I swears that he will get revenge.
Why did the Persians invade Greece? Help! We’re on the way! AGH! Those Greeks will pay for this!!
The Battle of Marathon 9 yrs. Later –Darius I invaded Greece in Athens (near Athens). –Invasion started the Persian Wars series of wars between Persia and Greece. Athens – 11,000 soldiers Persia – 15,000 soldiers –Greeks win clever leaders.
The Battle of Marathon (Legend) The Greeks sent their fastest runner to carry home news of the victory to Athens. He sprinted 26.2 miles. He arrived and said, “Rejoice, we conquer,” and died from exhaustion The Marathon race is named after this event.
The Second Invasion of Greece 10 yrs. later Xerxes I tried to conquer Greece. –Persian army and navy head for Greece. –Sparta (another city-state) joined the fight between Athens & Persia.
Thermopylae: The Last Stand A Small Spartan force of about 300 men commanded by King Leonidas, guarded the mountain pass of Thermopylae. They held out heroically against the enormous Persian force for three days. They were betrayed when someone told the Persians how to get in behind the army. They were defeated, but won valuable time for the rest of the Greeks.
Who won at Salamis? Salamis The Persians marched south after their victory at Thermopylae and destroyed the city of Athens. Athens Thermopylae The Athenians had already moved to Salamis, a small nearby island. The large Persian ships could not maneuver in the water. The smaller Greek ships destroyed them. More than 800 Persian ships attacked the Athenian navy near the island.
Results of the Persian Wars The Greek sense of uniqueness was increased. Athens emerged as the most powerful city-state in Greece. Athens organized an alliance with other Greek city- states. Athens asserted power and built an Athenian Empire. Moved the treasury to Athens.