2Bone Practical 50 points On 11/8 - One week from Thursday Covers all the bones and bone parts on the axial and appendicular skeleton listAbout half axial, half appendicular stations with disarticulated bones (e.g. a tibia)Know names of bones and bone parts, locations, and general functions.For appendicular bones, know L vs R
15Wrist, palm, fingersWrist - types of carpals - scaphoid, lunate, triquetral (triangular), pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capate, hamatePalm – metacarpals, numbered I –V starting with thumb. Parts of the metacarpals – base (proximal), shaft, head (distal)Fingers – phlanges, also numbered 1 -5 types and parts of the phalanges – proximal, middle, distal, pollex.
16Carpal MnemonicsFrom lateral (thumb side) to medial and proximal to distal in two rows:“Some lovers try positions that two can't handle.”“Sally left the party to take Cathy home.”Scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, hamate
18Carpal Mnemonics “Please tell Luke Sykwalker to take Chewy home” Proximal row medial to lateral: Please (pisiform) tell (triquetrum) Luke (lunate) Skywalker (scaphoid)Distal row lateral to medial: to (trapezium) take (trapezoid) Chewy (capitate) home (hamate
19The Pelvic Girdle Made up of 2 hipbones (ossa coxae) Strong to bear body weight, stress of movementPart of the pelvis
20Os Coxae Made up of 3 fused bones: ilium (articulates with sacrum) ischiumpubis
31Ankles, feet, toesAnkle: types of tarsals - calcaneus, talus, cuboid, navicular, first, second, and third (lateral, intermediate and medial) cuneiformFoot: parts of the metatarsals - proximal), shaft, head (distal)Toes: types and parts of the phalanges - proximal, middle, distal, hallus.
32Tarsal mnemonics “Clever Tibetans Navigate: 1 – 2 – 3 – Carefully” The Seven Tarsals: Calcaneus, Talus, Navicular, First, Second, and Third ( also called lateral, intermediate and medial) cuneiforms, Cuboid