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Published byJack Bishop Modified over 7 years ago
Chapter 2 Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings
2.1 Traffic Signs Each sign shape and color have specific meanings By knowing the meanings of each shape and color it can give you valuable information Each sign has a specific purpose
2.1 Traffic Signs Three Types of Signs Regulatory Sign- controls traffic Warning Sign- alerts you to possible hazards and road conditions Guide Signs- gives directions
2.1 Traffic Signs Regulatory Sign – These signs tells you about laws you must obey Most important regulatory signs are STOP and YIELD and these have unique shapes All other regulatory signs are either white squares or rectangles with red or black lettering
Regulatory Sign: Stop Stop Sign A STOP sign is used on a road that crosses a main highway or through street. You always must come to a full stop at this sign (and stop behind the stop line or crosswalk) You must also yield the right of way to: Pedestrians Other vehicles in or approaching the intersection
Four Way Stop At some intersections stop signs might be posted in all four corners Follow these steps when approaching: 1.The driver who stopped first should be allowed to go first 2.When vehicles stop to the right or left of each other at the same time, the driver on the left should yield to the driver on the right. 3.When stopped across the intersection facing oncoming traffic, the driver going straight should proceed, the driver turning left should wait. 4.Show your intention to proceed by moving forward slowly before entering the intersection 5.Check for traffic ahead and to the sides before entering intersection
Four Way Stop
Regulatory: Yield Yield – To allow others to use the intersection before you do – Always slow down or stop and give the right of way to traffic when approaching the intersection
Regulatory Sign: Speed Limit Speed limit signs are used to manage traffic flow at safe speeds Speed limit signs are set for IDEAL weather conditions Basic Speed Law- when traffic, roadway, or weather conditions are not ideal, you may not drive faster than is safe and prudent for existing conditions, regardless of posted speed limit Minimum Speed Limit- is set on some roadways to keep traffic moving safely, (highways and expressways) – This speed limit tells you not to drive slower than the posted minimum speed unless conditions are less than ideal Advisory Speed Limit: set for special conditions such as sharp curves
Other Regulatory Signs Other signs are used to direct traffic to turn or go straight, direct one-way traffic, control parking and passing – Signs with red words on white or white words on red usually tell you what NOT to do. – Black lettered words usually tell you what you CAN do – Black symbols in red circles crossed with a diagonal slash usually indicate something that is prohibited to do
Warning Signs These signs can help you avoid surprise situations Most warning signs are diamond-shaped and have black symbols or lettering on a yellow back round
School Zone A school zone is a portion of the street or highway that is near a school and subject to special speed limits. – A school zone sign only shows two children and it is posted within a block of the school – A school crossing sign shows children in a crosswalk area Be extra alert in a school zone. Children might dart out into the street without looking. They might ride bicycles on the wrong side of the road or take unexpected actions.
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