2 NAZI PARTY Nazi Party=National Socialist German Workers’ Party Hitler & Nazis try to overthrow German gov’t in 1923Fails, is arrested, thrown in jail (serves 1 yr)Writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle)Goals1. Rebuild military & overturn Treaty of Versailles2. Germans are “master race”3. lebensraum: Germany is too crowded & need more “living space” (empire)
3 Hitler’s PromisesHitler makes promises to important groups to gain popularityFarmers: raise prices on produce to recover losses during depressionMiddle class: get rid of communists, help businesses & profitsUnemployed: jobs (public works like roads)
4 How did he take power? Through Nazi Party 1932 he is made Chancellor of GermanyPresident and other leaders think they can control Hitler & use his popularity for their own purposesTakes power legallyOnce in office, he calls for new electionsBurns Reichstag (parliament building) & blames Communists (smart!)Nazi’s win by slim majorityCREATES TOTALITARIAN STATE & HAS ABSOLUTE POWER!!!
5 Style of Leadership Dictator/totalitarian state SS (Schutzstaffel) Hitler’s police squad arrests any oppositionBans all political parties but Nazi PartyCensorship, propaganda, book burningChurches forbidden to criticize Nazis or gov’tEstablishes Hitler YouthGov’t encourages/organizes anti-semitism
6 How did he handle the economic crises? Banned all labor strikesDissolved labor unionsGov’t has authority over business & laborPut people back to workUnemployment dropped from 6 million to 1.5 million in 1936Built factories, highways, weapons, & military