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Hitler and The Rise of Germany Ch 13.5. Struggles of the Weimar Republic 1919 Democratic government is created 1919 Democratic government is created Constitution.

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Presentation on theme: "Hitler and The Rise of Germany Ch 13.5. Struggles of the Weimar Republic 1919 Democratic government is created 1919 Democratic government is created Constitution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hitler and The Rise of Germany Ch 13.5

2 Struggles of the Weimar Republic 1919 Democratic government is created 1919 Democratic government is created Constitution & parliament led by a Prime minister. Constitution & parliament led by a Prime minister. Men & women both have the right to vote. Men & women both have the right to vote. New government includes a Bill of Rights. New government includes a Bill of Rights. Major Problems Major Problems Government is weak because of too many political parties. Government is weak because of too many political parties. Many people accused Marxists and Jews of an imaginary conspiracy to betray Germany. Many people accused Marxists and Jews of an imaginary conspiracy to betray Germany.

3 Struggles of the Weimar Republic Major Problems cont. Major Problems cont. To help w/ worker & economic problems, the government printed large amounts of paper $$. To help w/ worker & economic problems, the government printed large amounts of paper $$. Inflation spread out of control Inflation spread out of control July 1922 a loaf of bread 100 marks by August 1923 944,000 marks. July 1922 a loaf of bread 100 marks by August 1923 944,000 marks.

4 Struggles of the Weimar Republic Recovery Recovery 1924 United States developed a plan to help Germany. 1924 United States developed a plan to help Germany. Dawes Plan- reduces German reparations, France with draws forces from the Ruhr and American loans help German economy. Dawes Plan- reduces German reparations, France with draws forces from the Ruhr and American loans help German economy. 1928 Germany begins to recover 1928 Germany begins to recover memories of the depression still linger and people look to a new leader to restore Germany’s greatness. memories of the depression still linger and people look to a new leader to restore Germany’s greatness.

5 Adolf Hitler Born in Austria 1889 Born in Austria 1889 18yrs. Hitler is denied admission to art school begins to develop fanatical anti-Semitism. 18yrs. Hitler is denied admission to art school begins to develop fanatical anti-Semitism. Find his first success in WWI, awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class Find his first success in WWI, awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class

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7 Adolf Hitler 1919 joins a group of right wing extremists 1919 joins a group of right wing extremists 1920 Becomes the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi). 1920 Becomes the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi). 1923 writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) from jail. 1923 writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) from jail. Reflected his obsession of extreme nationalism, racism, German Master race, & anti-Semitism Reflected his obsession of extreme nationalism, racism, German Master race, & anti-Semitism

8 Hitler’s Road to Power Hitler finds followers Hitler finds followers He targets veterans, lower middle class and those who were frustrated about the future. He targets veterans, lower middle class and those who were frustrated about the future. As unemployment grew Nazi Party membership grew. As unemployment grew Nazi Party membership grew. Hitler promised to end reparations, create jobs, & re-arm Germany. Hitler promised to end reparations, create jobs, & re-arm Germany.

9 Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Hitler becomes Chancellor in 1933 Hitler becomes Chancellor in 1933 First actions: First actions: suspend civil rights suspend civil rights destroy communists destroy communists disband other political parties disband other political parties Germany becomes a one party state. Germany becomes a one party state. Hitler purges & executes members of his own party. Hitler purges & executes members of his own party.

10 Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Hitler’s Third Reich Hitler’s Third Reich Appealed to Nationalism Appealed to Nationalism Recalling past glories & a German master race. Recalling past glories & a German master race. New totalitarian state New totalitarian state System of terror & repression System of terror & repression Secret police- Gestapo Secret police- Gestapo All areas of life are controlled by Nazi Party All areas of life are controlled by Nazi Party New Economy- Public Works program New Economy- Public Works program Re-arm Germany, business & labor put under government control Re-arm Germany, business & labor put under government control

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12 Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Social Policy Social Policy Young people introduced to a racist ideology Young people introduced to a racist ideology Hitler Youth-Pledge absolute loyalty to Germany Hitler Youth-Pledge absolute loyalty to Germany Women’s roles limited Women’s roles limited German Culture-Art and education German Culture-Art and education Used for propaganda, books burned Used for propaganda, books burned Jews corrupted art & music Jews corrupted art & music Christianity is declared weak and flabby. Christianity is declared weak and flabby.

13 Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Authoritarian Rule in Eastern Europe Authoritarian Rule in Eastern Europe Most new nations in post WWI went from democratic to authoritarian rule, Most new nations in post WWI went from democratic to authoritarian rule, created instability. created instability. Ethnic Nationalism Ethnic Nationalism ethnic and economic problems help Fascist rulers to gain power. ethnic and economic problems help Fascist rulers to gain power.


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