2Struggles of the Weimar Republic 1919 Democratic government is createdConstitution & parliament led by a Prime minister.Men & women both have the right to vote.New government includes a Bill of Rights.Major ProblemsGovernment is weak because of too many political parties.Many people accused Marxists and Jews of an imaginary conspiracy to betray Germany.
3Struggles of the Weimar Republic Major Problems cont.To help w/ worker & economic problems, the government printed large amounts of paper $$.Inflation spread out of controlJuly 1922 a loaf of bread 100 marks by August ,000 marks.
4Struggles of the Weimar Republic Recovery1924 United States developed a plan to help Germany.Dawes Plan- reduces German reparations, France with draws forces from the Ruhr and American loans help German economy.1928 Germany begins to recovermemories of the depression still linger and people look to a new leader to restore Germany’s greatness.
5Adolf Hitler Born in Austria 1889 18yrs. Hitler is denied admission to art school begins to develop fanatical anti-Semitism.Find his first success in WWI, awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class
7Adolf Hitler 1919 joins a group of right wing extremists 1920 Becomes the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi).1923 writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) from jail.Reflected his obsession of extreme nationalism, racism, German Master race, & anti-Semitism
8Hitler’s Road to Power Hitler finds followers He targets veterans, lower middle class and those who were frustrated about the future.As unemployment grew Nazi Party membership grew.Hitler promised to end reparations, create jobs, & re-arm Germany.
9Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Hitler becomes Chancellor in 1933First actions:suspend civil rightsdestroy communistsdisband other political partiesGermany becomes a one party state.Hitler purges & executes members of his own party.
10Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Hitler’s Third ReichAppealed to NationalismRecalling past glories & a German master race.New totalitarian stateSystem of terror & repressionSecret police- GestapoAll areas of life are controlled by Nazi PartyNew Economy- Public Works programRe-arm Germany, business & labor put under government control
12Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Social PolicyYoung people introduced to a racist ideologyHitler Youth-Pledge absolute loyalty to GermanyWomen’s roles limitedGerman Culture-Art and educationUsed for propaganda, books burnedJews corrupted art & musicChristianity is declared weak and flabby.
13Hitler’s Road to Power cont. Authoritarian Rule in Eastern EuropeMost new nations in post WWI went from democratic to authoritarian rule,created instability.Ethnic Nationalismethnic and economic problems help Fascist rulers to gain power.