Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Fascism How do fascists come to power in Italy & Germany?"— Presentation transcript:
The Rise of Fascism How do fascists come to power in Italy & Germany?
Italy After WWI, Italians are upset with PM Orlando Vittorio, thought he was too weak during Treaty of Versailles, economy also suffering 1920s: Fascism,which calls for extreme nationalism and loyalty to leaders is gaining popularity, Fascists win seats in Italian Parliament A former newspaper editor & Italian Fascist named Benito Mussolini promises to rescue the Italian economy & restore pride to Italy Fascists win majority in Parliament, demand King Victor Emmanuel make Mussolini Prime Minister Mussolini’s blackshirts march on Rome Fearing he may be overthrown the King makes Mussolini, Il Duce (the leader) Italian Fascists legally take power
Hitler’s Little Buddy 1. What was similar between Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini? 2. What two things does Mussolini do in 1919? 3. What does Mussolini do in 1935?
Germany Nazi Adolf Hitler was sent to prison where he writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle) Hitler argues Germans are a master race (Aryans) & Slavs, Poles, Gypsies, Jews are inferior He writes Germany needs more space (Lebensraum) & must get back land lost after WWI After prison, Hitler begins giving speeches blaming the Allies & Weimar Rep. for the depression 1930: Nazi party starts winning seats in the Parliament (Reichstag) As the Nazis become more popular, President Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor (PM) of Germany Legally Takes Power! 1920s: Group called National Socialists (Nazis) unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the Weimar Rep Hitler & Nazis promise to fix the economy & restore pride to Germany by overturning Tr. of Vers. Nazis blame Reichstag fire on communists win majority in next election http://www.youtub e.com/watch?v=e9f EM- MfSiU&feature=rela ted