Presentation on theme: "15-3b Nazism and Adolf Hitler. Hitler Rises to Power in Germany 1919 Hitler joined a right-wing political group that wanted Germany to overturn the Versailles."— Presentation transcript:
15-3b Nazism and Adolf Hitler
Hitler Rises to Power in Germany 1919 Hitler joined a right-wing political group that wanted Germany to overturn the Versailles Treaty Group names itself— National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NAZI) Nazis form basis of fascism in Germany
Nazi Germany Adopt swastika as symbol Form militia (brown shirts) who act as storm troopers Elect Hitler as Fuhrer Attempt to seize power in Munich failed, Hitler imprisoned; Nazi’ weak Hitler writes Mein Kampf where he outlines his beliefs and goals for Germany After release, Hitler revives Nazi Party Hitler gains national attention when US loans stop during Great Depression
Hitler’s Declaration – Aryans (blond blue eyed Germans) to be the “Master Race” –Non-aryans are inferior (Jews, Gypsies, Slavs –Versailles Treaty is an outrage –Vows to regain lost land –Germany needs more “lebensraun” or living room due to overcrowding –Promised to get more land by conquering Europe and R ussia
Hitler Becomes Chancellor Nazis became largest political party in Germany by 1932 Conservative leaders thought they could control Hitler Hitler named Chancellor in 1933 Hitler called for elections, parliament building burns down Nazis blamed communists and win elections Hitler turned Germany into a totalitarian state
Hitler takes control of Germany After election, Nazis take control of economy Strikes banned Labor unions dissolved Gov’t controls biz, labor Hitler puts nation to work building factories, roads, weapons, serving in army Unemployment drops sharply
The Fuhrer is Supreme Hitler –wanted total control of every aspect of people’s lives –Turns media into propaganda machines –Non-conforming books are burned –Churches forbidden to criticize the gov’t –Hitler Youth Groups –Emphasized continuous struggle for victory –Anti-Semitism gains gov’t support –Nov violence against Jews erupts (Kristallnacht) the start to completely eliminate the Jewish people
Other Countries Fall to Dictators Nations formed after WWI also turn to dictators to solve economic problems –Hungary –Poland –Yugoslavia –Albania –Bulgaria –Romania
Democratic Nations in Europe Only nations with strong traditions of democracy able to hold onto democracy –Britain –France –Scandinavia By mid 1930s, two opposing groups dominate Europe—democratic and totalitarian states. Totalitarian states are willing to use violence and military aggression to achieve their goals—including eliminating civil rights.
Review Questions Why did leadership of many eastern European countries fall to dictators ? Why did the movements of fascism and Nazism and leaders like Mussolini and Hitler come to power during the crisis in Europe? What emotions did Mussolini and Hitler stir up in their followers? Why did Hitler make children join Nazi youth groups? What is lebensraum?
Complete the following Chart Totalitarian Regimes CountryRussiaItalyGermany Leader Ruling Party Methods of Control Segment of Society under control Scapegoats
CountryRussiaItalyGermany Leader StalinMussoliniHitler Ruling Party Communist PartyFascist PartyNAZI Party Methods of Control Secret police, police terror, spy, propaganda, indoctrination, Censorship Outlawed other political parties, strikes and unions Secret police, Censorship, propaganda, Outlawed other political parties, strikes and unions Secret police, Brown shirts, censorship, Youth groups, indoctrination. Outlawed other political parties, strikes and unions Segment of Society under control Total private and public control by gov’t Not total controlTotal control Scapegoats Russian Orthodox Church, Jews Versailles Treaty, workers non-aryans, jews, slavs, gypsies, Treaty of Versailles Totalitarian Regimes