2Hitler Rises to Power in Germany 1919 Hitler joined a right-wing political group that wanted Germany to overturn the Versailles TreatyGroup names itself—National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NAZI)Nazis form basis of fascism in Germany
3Nazi Germany Adopt swastika as symbol Form militia (brown shirts) who act as storm troopersElect Hitler as FuhrerAttempt to seize power in Munich failed, Hitler imprisoned; Nazi’ weakHitler writes Mein Kampf where he outlines his beliefs and goals for GermanyAfter release, Hitler revives Nazi PartyHitler gains national attention when US loans stop during Great Depression
4Mien Kampf Versailles Treaty is an outrage Hitler’s Declaration Vows to regain lost landGermany needs more “lebensraun” or living room due to overcrowdingPromised to get more land by conquering Europe and RussiaHitler’s DeclarationAryans (blond blue eyed Germans) to be the “Master Race”Non-aryans are inferior (Jews, Gypsies, SlavsMien Kampf
5Hitler Becomes Chancellor Nazis became largest political party in Germany by 1932Conservative leaders thought they could control HitlerHitler named Chancellor in 1933Hitler called for elections, parliament building burns downNazis blamed communists and win electionsHitler turned Germany into a totalitarian state
6Hitler takes control of Germany After election, Nazis take control of economyStrikes bannedLabor unions dissolvedGov’t controls biz, laborHitler puts nation to work building factories, roads, weapons, serving in armyUnemployment drops sharply
7The Fuhrer is Supreme Hitler wanted total control of every aspect of people’s livesTurns media into propaganda machinesNon-conforming books are burnedChurches forbidden to criticize the gov’tHitler Youth GroupsEmphasized continuous struggle for victoryAnti-Semitism gains gov’t supportNov violence against Jews erupts (Kristallnacht) the start to completely eliminate the Jewish people
8Other Countries Fall to Dictators Nations formed after WWI also turn to dictators to solve economic problemsHungaryPolandYugoslaviaAlbaniaBulgariaRomania
9Democratic Nations in Europe Only nations with strong traditions of democracy able to hold onto democracyBritainFranceScandinaviaBy mid 1930s, two opposing groups dominate Europe—democratic and totalitarian states. Totalitarian states are willing to use violence and military aggression to achieve their goals—including eliminating civil rights.
10Review QuestionsWhy did leadership of many eastern European countries fall to dictators ?Why did the movements of fascism and Nazism and leaders like Mussolini and Hitler come to power during the crisis in Europe?What emotions did Mussolini and Hitler stir up in their followers?Why did Hitler make children join Nazi youth groups?What is lebensraum?
11Complete the following Chart Totalitarian Regimes CountryRussiaItalyGermanyLeaderRuling PartyMethods of ControlSegment of Society under controlScapegoats
12Totalitarian Regimes Country Russia Italy Germany Leader Stalin MussoliniHitlerRuling PartyCommunist PartyFascist PartyNAZI PartyMethods of ControlSecret police, police terror, spy, propaganda, indoctrination,Censorship Outlawed other political parties, strikes and unionsSecret police,Censorship, propaganda,Outlawed other political parties, strikes and unionsBrown shirts, censorship, Youth groups, indoctrination. Outlawed other political parties, strikes and unionsSegment of Society under controlTotal private and public control by gov’tNot total controlTotal controlScapegoatsRussian Orthodox Church, JewsVersailles Treaty,workersnon-aryans, jews, slavs, gypsies, Treaty of Versailles