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Published bySabina Barrett
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Fascism Rises in Europe 15-3
Faith Lost Countries lose faith in democracy because of worldwide depression – Turn to extremism
Fascism Military political movement emphasizing loyalty to state & obedience to its leader – Promise to revive economy, punish those responsible, restore nationalistic pride
Italy Unemployment, fear of Communism, social unrest
Benito Mussolini Wants to revive economy and rebuild armed forces Wear black shirts, attack Communists on streets
Mussolini in Power Abolishes democracy Outlaws political parties except Fascist Secret Police Censorship
Adolf Hitler WWI German soldier – 2 Iron Crosses for bravery Joins Nazi party Adolf Hitler becomes der Furer (the leader) – Writes Mein Kampf
Nazi Party Overturn of Treaty of Versailles and fight Communism Support middle & lower middle class Adopt swastika Storm Troopers/Brownshirts – militia
Mein Kampf My struggle – Nazi blueprint – Aryans = master race – Jews = subhuman – Need more lebensraum (living space) – Conquer Eastern Europe and Russia
Chancellor Hitler President Hindenburg names Hitler Chancellor – Reichstag burns down (Communists blamed) – Hitler takes away freedoms and takes absolute dictatorial power
Hitler Propaganda Social Darwinism – Nietzsche philosophies = brute force – glorify war S.S. – protection squad – Murder hundreds of Hitler enemies Gestapo – Nazi secret police – Terrorize Germany
Germany Millions put to work, build up country and military – From 6 million unemployed to 1.5 in 4 yrs
War on Jews Jews less than 1% of population Scapegoats for all problems Rights taken away – Violence vs Jews
Kristallnacht Night of the Broken Glass – Nazi’s attack Jews and destroy property – Signals elimination of Jews from German life
World Powerful nations are 1.Democratic 2.Totalitarian - Fascists willing to use military force
Fascism Rises in Europe
Ch. 15 sec 3 Fascism Rises in Europe I. Fascism’s Rise in Italy A
Essential Question: Who were the major totalitarian leaders in the 1920s & 1930s? What were the basic ideologies of Fascists, Nazis, and Communists?
15-3b Nazism and Adolf Hitler.
II. Fascism in Europe.
The Rise of Fascism: Italy & Germany. Qualities of Fascism Extreme loyalty to your country Total obedience to your countries leader Harsh punishments.
Anticipatory Set Imagine you are a German in 1930, discuss with your neighbor which candidate would you vote for and why Candidate A Remember Germany’s.
Modern World History Chapter 15, Section 3 Unit 2, Assign
Discussion What do you know about Adolf Hitler and Nazism?
The Rise of Fascism How do fascists come to power in Italy & Germany?
Rise of Dictators Hitler Mussolini Japan. Reasons for Dictators The depression in Europe gave rise to the dictators in Spain, Italy and Germany. People.
Get out your homework to be stamped!
Rise of Fascism Mussolini & Hitler.
Chapter 31 Lesson 1 Notes The Rise of Fascism Following World War I MussoliniHitlerFranco.
Rise of Totalitarian Dictators Essential Question: – Who were the major totalitarian leaders in the 1920s & 1930s? – What were the basic ideologies of.
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