Presentation on theme: "THE SENTENCE Unit 1 By: Angélica Guerra, MS"— Presentation transcript:
1THE SENTENCE Unit 1 By: Angélica Guerra, MS Collated with houghton mifflin – english 7By: Angélica Guerra, MSGreater Miami Adventist Academy
2KINDS OF SENTENCES – LESSON 1 A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought . It starts with a capital letter.TYPES:Declarative: Makes a statement, ends with a period.Interrogative: Asks a questions, ends with a question mark.Exclamatory: Shows strong feeling, ends with an exclamation mark.Imperative: Gives a command OR makes a request, ends with a period or an exclam. mark.
3MAKE ONE SENTENCE OF EACH TYPE USING THE PICTURE PROVIDED:
4Subject and Predicate lessons 2 & 3 Every sentence has 2 parts – the SUBJECT and the PREDICATE. SUBJECT: Who or what the sentence is about PREDICATE: What the subject is, has, does, or feelsComplete S & PALL the words in the S are the Complete Subject.ALL the words in the P are the Complete Predicate.Simple S & PThe MAIN word (or words) in the S is the Simple Subject.The MAIN word (or words) in the P is the Simple Predicate.
5Make a sentence with the following picture Make a sentence with the following picture. Be ready to identify the simple subject and simple predicate.Pee Wee voted the ugliest dog in the world
6The Simple Sentence (p. 43) It expresses ONE complete idea. (The dog ran outside.)It may have:a compound subject – (Ana, Jerry, and Pete play basketball.)a compound predicate – (Alicia cleans the house and cooks dinner.)both – (Elizabeth, Maria, and Sarah study anatomy and eat Doritos.)
7Combining Sentences with Compound Subj. OR compound pred. p. 43 If different subjects are doing the same action, you can write a comp. subject sentence. EX: Ana is playing soccer. The boys are playing soccer. Ana and the boys are playing soccer.If the same subject is doing several actions, you can write a comp. predicate sentence. EX: At home, he eats. At home, he sleeps. At home, he studies. At home, he eats, sleeps, and studies.
8Finding the subject (inverted sentences) lsn. 4 Natural Order Sentences: When the subject comes before the predicate. Most sentences are like this.Inverted Order Sentences: When the subject FOLLOWS all or part of the predicate.HOW TO FIND THE SUBJECT IN AN INVERTED SENT.:Find the verb; ask who or what does the action, and rearrange the sentence so it will be in natural order.Behind the bushes is the duck.There goes the airplane. (Sentences that start with HERE or THERE are always inverted!)Do children go to school in the Amazon?
9Make inverted sentences using the pictures provided.
10Conjunctions - lesson 5 Coordinating Conj. Correlative Conj. AND – joining similar ideasBUT – contrast or difference between ideasOR – choice between ideasCorrelative Conj.Conjunctions used in PAIRSThey make a stronger connectionEX: both … andeither … orneither … norwhether … orConjunctions are connecting words. They are used to connect words or groups of words.
11Lesson 6 Fragments & Run-ons Doesn’t express a complete thoughtMissing subject OR predicateLeaves questions unansweredFIX IT by providing what’s missing.FRAGMENT: When I get home.SENTENCE: I will eat when I get home.RUN-ON Two or more sentences that run together without commas OR without any punctuation FIX IT by making 2 separate sentences or a compound sent. Run-On: Manny cooks dinner, Lucy walks the dog. Many cooks dinner. Lucy walks the dog. Manny cooks dinner, and Lucy walks the dog.
12p. 55 The Compound Sentence… expresses TWO OR MORE complete ideas that are equal in importance.On September 11, 2001 the Twin Towers were destroyed, and people died.On September 11, 2001 the Twin Towers were destroyed; people died.
13Continuation… Ways to DIVIDE the 2 sentences in a Compound Sentence: Add a comma anda coordinatingconjunction -(and/or/but),and,or,butAdd a semicolon;NOW YOU TRY IT!!! Follow the directions.
14How do you know a sentence TRULY IS a compound sentence? You CAN divide it into TWO separate sentences.Steven cut his finger with the knife, but he is OK.1. Steven cut his finger with the knife.2. He is OK. (Notice that each sentence has a subject and a predicate.)
15p. 56 The Complex Sentence… is a sentence that contains TWO parts –* an independent clause: a part of thesentence that CAN stand on its own.* a subordinating (or dependent) clause:a part of the sentence that is LESS important because it CAN NOT stand on its own.
16(continuation) Complex Sentence: When I go home, I take a shower. Subordinating Clause:When I go home(What happens?)Independent Clause:I take a shower.(This is a complete thought.)
17 The SUBORD. CLS. can be in different parts of the sentence. If it is at the BEGINNING: Follow it by a comma. (,) Before breakfast, I pray.If it is in the MIDDLE of the sentence: DO NOT add a comma. I pray before breakfast.Continuation: COMPLEX SENTENCES
18CONTINUATION – COMPLEX SENTENCES Subordinating Conjunctions after although as as if as long as because before if since so that unless until when whenever where whereas wherever while ETC.
19Make complex sentences using the picture Make complex sentences using the picture. Vary the place where you put the subordinating clause.
20PRACTICE with Cpd. & cplx. sentences Follow the directions: My Dalmatian chewed its bone. Dr. Ryans visits her patient. Ana will go to the mall. The old man dances well.