2A Sentence is:a group of words that has a subject and a predicate (verb) and expresses a complete thought.
3an incomplete thought A fragment is: Ex: When I don’t get enough sleep.Riding my bike at the park.
4A run-on is:2 or more complete sentences written as though they were one sentence. Ex: It rained everyday so we didn’t even get to enjoy the beach. It rained everyday, we didn’t even get to enjoy the beach.
5Subject:Simple subject: the noun or pronoun that tells what the sentence is about.Complete subject: is the simple subject and all the words that modify or complete its meaning.
6Subject examples:The big black dog on the porch by the swing barks at the fat yellow cat in the tree. dog is the simple subject The big black dog on the porch by the swing is the complete subject.
7Predicate:Simple predicate: is the verb or verb phrase that expresses an action or a state of being about the subject of the sentence.Complete predicate: is the simple predicate and all the words that modify or complete its meaning.
8Predicate examples: Michael Jordan jumped above the rim. jumped is the simple predicate.jumped above the rim is the complete predicate.
9a group of words that has a subject and a predicate (verb). A clause is:a group of words that has a subject and a predicate (verb).There are several types of clauses, but the only type of clause that can stand alone as a sentence is an independent clause because it expresses a complete thought.
10A simple sentence:a sentence with only one independent clause and NO dependent clauses.can be very long and include many words and phrasesis also known as an independent clause
11Simple sentence examples: The dog barked.The big black dog on the porch by the swing barked at the fat yellow cat in the tree.There is only ONE independent clause in this sentence which makes it a simple sentence.
12a sentence with 2 or more independent clauses and NO dependent clauses A compound sentence:a sentence with 2 or more independent clauses and NO dependent clausesIn other words, 2 or more simple sentences combined to make 1 compound sentence.
13Compound sentence Examples: The dog barked, and the cat ran.The dog barked; the cat ran.She wanted to go to the mall, but he wanted to go to the park.She wanted to go to the mall; he wanted to go to the park.
142 ways to make a compound sentence: To avoid a run-on, you must punctuate a compound sentence one of two ways:1st – combine 2 independent clauses with a semicolon2nd – combine 2 independent clauses with a comma and coordinating conjunction: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
15Making a compound sentence: Semicolon – I love English class; it is the best!You have 2 complete thoughts here:I love English class.It is the best.We can combine these two simple sentences by using a semicolon.
16Making a compound sentence: A comma and a coordinating conjunction –I learn so much in English class, and I love it!You have 2 complete thoughts here:I learn so much in English class.I love it.We can combine these two simple sentences with a comma and a coordinating conjunction.
17Coordinating conjunctions: words used to combine words, phrases, or clausesalso known as FANBOYS:F – ForA – AndN - NorB – ButO – OrY – YetS – So
18Review:A sentence must have a _______ and a ______ and express a __________ ____________.A fragment is an ___________ ___________.A simple sentence has only one ___________ __________.A compound sentence has _______ or _______ ____________ ____________ and must be joined by either a ______ or a ________ and a _________ ___________, also known as __ __ __ __ __ __ __.