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Independent Clause A group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone. Jorge is smart. The men fish and camp.

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Presentation on theme: "Independent Clause A group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone. Jorge is smart. The men fish and camp."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Independent Clause A group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone. Jorge is smart. The men fish and camp.

3 Dependent Clause May have a subject and verb, but does not express a complete thought. Sentence fragment Because I fed the squirrels Although it started to rain

4 Simple Sentence Simple sentences have one independent clause Can have a compound verb Examples: The children played and splashed around. Kloe completed the test.

5 Compound Sentence Compound sentences are made up of two simple sentences connected by a coordinating conjunction.coordinating conjunction These conjunctions are also known as FANBOYS: F - For A - And N - Nor B - But O - Or Y - Yet S - So

6 Use FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to write one compound sentence using the two simple sentences. Tara didn't understand the homework assignment. She asked a friend for help. Example: Tara didn’t understand the homework assignment, so she asked a friend for help.

7 Use FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to write one compound sentence using the two simple sentences. The students tried to prepare for the test. They didn't realize how difficult the test was. Did you use but? The students tried to prepare for the test, but they didn’t realize how difficult the test was.

8 Use FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to write one compound sentence using the two simple sentences. Marsha thinks the family should stay home and relax. She also wants to go on vacation. Marsha thinks the family should stay home and relax, but she also wants to go on vacation.

9 Use FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to write one compound sentence using the two simple sentences. We needed some groceries for the week. We went to the supermarket. We needed some groceries for the week, so we went to the supermarket

10 Use FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to write one compound sentence using the two simple sentences. Adam asked his teacher for help. He also asked his parents for help. Adam asked his teacher for help, but he also asked his parents for help.

11 Use FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to write one compound sentence using the two simple sentences. Karrie turned in the extra credit assignment. The extra credit was due last week. Karrie turned in the extra credit assignment, but the extra credit was due last week.

12 Use FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) to write one compound sentence using the two simple sentences. Ken is a great quarterback. Marcus is an excellent wide receiver. Ken is a great quarterback, and Marcus is an excellent wide receiver.

13 Complex Sentence Complex sentences are often formed by putting these words at the beginning of the dependent clause: as, as if, before, after, because, though, even though, while, when, whenever, if, during, as soon as, as long as, since, until, unless, where, and wherever. These words are called subordinating conjunctions.

14 A complex sentence is made from an independent clause and a dependent clause joined together. Example: After I came home, I made dinner. (dependent clause: "After I came home") (independent clause: I made dinner)

15 Complex Sentence Example: We visited the museum before it closed. OR Before it closed, we visited the museum. (dependent clause: before it closed.) (independent clause: We visited the museum)

16 Complex Sentence Now you try to form a complex sentence. Combine these two clauses to form a complex sentence on your own paper. Do not change the words in the clause. The boy tried to complete the test Before he ran out of time The boy tried to complete the test before he ran out of time. Dependent clause Independent Clause

17 Complex Sentence Now you try to form a complex sentence. Combine these two clauses to form a complex sentence on your own paper. Do not change the words in the clause. Try using the dependent clause first. The puppy chewed on my shoelaces While I wasn’t looking While I wasn’t’ looking, the puppy chewed on my shoelaces

18 Complex Sentence Now you try to form a complex sentence. Combine these two clauses to form a complex sentence on your own paper. Do not change the words in the clause. Because we were late for the movie We had to go bowling Friday night Because we were late for the movie, we had to go bowling Friday night.

19 Complex Sentence Now you try to form a complex sentence. Combine these two clauses to form a complex sentence on your own paper. Do not change the words in the clause. Even though we weren’t ready We had to present the project Even though we weren’t ready, we had to present the project.

20 Complex Sentence Now you try to form a complex sentence. Combine these two clauses to form a complex sentence on your own paper. Do not change the words in the clause. When you are ready to throw the ball I will be open for a slam dunk When you are ready to throw the ball, I will be open for a slam dunk.

21 Complex Sentence Now you try to form a complex sentence. Combine these two clauses to form a complex sentence on your own paper. Do not change the words in the clause. Where we rode to the waterfalls I know a good four-wheeling trail Where we rode to the waterfalls, I know a good four-wheeling trail.

22 Complex Sentence Now you try to form a complex sentence. Combine these two clauses to form a complex sentence on your own paper. Do not change the words in the clause. You were ready to go riding with me Until you saw how muddy my bike was You were ready to go riding with me, until you saw how muddy my bike was.

23 Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence is made from two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses Example: We decided to go to the movies, but our friend, who doesn’t like scary movies, didn’t want to go. Independent Clause: We decided to go to the movies Dependent clause: who doesn’t like scary movies Independent Clause: Our friend didn’t want to go.

24 Form your own Compound-Complex Sentence Independent clause: We brought home a brand new kitten. Independent clause: We wanted to make her feel a part of the family. Dependent clause: although she was independent We brought home a brand new kitten, and we wanted to make her feel a part of the family, although she was independent.

25 Advanced Compound-Complex Sentence Write your own clauses about the picture below. Independent Clause – Independent Clause- Dependent Clause – Now, try to form a compound-complex sentence with these clauses

26 Compound-Complex Sentence You will need to pack lightly, for your vacation on the island, you will do a lot of walking. Independent Clause Dependent clause Independent clause

27 Run-On Sentence Tends to have more than one conjunction Lacks commas or correct punctuation Example: We wanted to go on a field trip but there was not enough money and we had already been on one and the principal said we couldn’t go.


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