Presentation on theme: "What every sentence needs Parts of a sentence Types of sentences"— Presentation transcript:
1What every sentence needs Parts of a sentence Types of sentences Sentence ReviewWhat every sentence needsParts of a sentenceTypes of sentences
2Every sentence must… Begin with a capital letter. Contain a verb. End with a . ! or ?
3Parts of a Sentence Sentences usually have two parts, a subject and a predicate.SubjectsTells who or what the sentence is about.Contains the noun of the sentence.Usually comes first.PredicatesTells what the subject of the sentence does or is being.Always contains a verb.Usually comes after the subject.
4Simple and Complete Subjects Complete subjects include the noun and all of the wordsdescribing the noun.Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.Simple SubjectsSimple subjects are only the noun in the subject.Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.
5Simple and Complete Predicates Complete predicates include the verb and all of thewords describing the verb.Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.Simple PredicatesSimple predicates are only the verb in the predicate.Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.
6Compound Subjects Examples Compound subjects are two or more subjects joined together by a conjunction to create one subject.ExamplesBraden played basketball at recess.Josie played basketball at recess.Braden and Josie played basketball at recess.Pancakes are good for breakfast.Waffles are good for breakfast.Pancakes or waffles are good for breakfast.
7Compound Predicates Examples Compound predicates are two or more predicates joined together by a conjunction to create one predicate.ExamplesBraden played basketball at recess.Braden ran the track at recess.Braden played basketball and ran the track at recess.The dog chased the car.The dog barked at the car.The dog chased and barked at the car.
8The Four Kinds of Sentences !?.The Four Kinds of SentencesDeclarative (telling)Interrogative (question)Exclamatory (exclamation)Imperative (command)
9Declarative Sentences A declarative sentence…is also called a statement.states or tells information.always ends with a period.Examples of Declarative SentencesWe will have a great year.Winding Creek is the best school there is.
10Interrogative Sentences An interrogative sentence…is also called a question.asks a question.always ends with a question mark.Examples of Interrogative SentencesWhat did you do this summer?Which type of book do you like the best?
11Exclamatory Sentences An exclamatory sentence…is also called an exclamation.expresses strong emotion.always ends with an exclamation point.Examples of Exclamatory SentencesThat movie was great!What a beautiful flower!
12Examples of Imperative Sentences An imperative sentence…is also called a commandgives an orderends with a period or exclamation point.Examples of Imperative SentencesPlease hand me the remote control.Be careful!
13Simple and Compound Sentences A simple sentence expresses one complete thought.A compound sentence is two or more complete thoughts joined together with a conjunction to create one sentence.Simple Sentence ExamplesI would like to go to the store this afternoon.I have a lot of homework to do.Compound Sentence ExampleI would like to go to the store this afternoon, but I have a lot ofhomework to do.Compound sentences are always joinedby a comma then a conjunction.