Presentation on theme: "The Sentence: What am I? Phrase, Clause, Independent, Dependent."— Presentation transcript:
The Sentence: What am I? Phrase, Clause, Independent, Dependent
Declarative (statement): Mrs. Bevill teaches English at Hamilton High School. Interrogative (question): Where does Mrs. Bevill teach? Imperative (command): Learn these sentences. Exclamatory (strong feeling): Mrs. Bevill is the most exciting and influential teacher! Types of Sentences
Phrase: NO subject AND verb Prepositional phrase: in the store I found my purse in the store Verb phrase: Walking into the store, made me realize Walking into the store made me realize I had forgotten my purse. Noun phrase: the cold winter season The cold winter season will bring snow. Phrase or Clause? That is the question!
Dependent clause: it has a subject and verb BUT does not express a complete thought and CANNOT stand alone as a sentence Independent clause: it has a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought and CAN stand alone Clause (not Santa Claus or claws) A CLAUSE contains a subject AND a verb.
A dependent clause usually begins with a subordinating conjunction. What’s missing? because I like to play soccer although I prefer to eat chocolate before I began my book where I left my purse Dependent Clause
An independent clause IS a complete sentence! 1 independent clause is a.k.a. (also known as) a simple sentence. The dog runs. I like you. The students go to the assemblies in the gym. Independent Clause
A compound sentence consists of 2 or more independent (simple) sentences. They are joined by a coordinating conjunction (and, or, but) punctuation, or both. I walk to school, and my friends ride the bus. I said I write poems; I didn’t say I was a poet. Compound, Complex and Compound Complex
A complex sentence contains 1 independent clause and 1 or more dependent clauses. Mrs. Bevill laughs when she makes a mistake. Because I like chocolate, I only eat a little so I don’t gain weight. I wore a jacket today because it’s cold. I brought my purse so that I can shop. Complex Sentences
A compound-complex sentence consists of two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. Although I like to go camping, I haven't had the time to go lately, and I haven't found anyone to go with. We decided that the movie was too violent, but our children, who like to watch scary movies, thought that we were wrong. Compound Complex
It’s a run-on if you have 2 independent clauses BUT: No conjunction No punctuation No punctuation and conjunction Too many conjunctions It’s a fragment if: It’s a lonely dependent clause It’s missing a subject or verb (just a phrase) It has neither subject or verb Run-on or Fragment????