2 Unit 1 The SentenceI. A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought.II. 4 Types of SentencesA. A declarative sentence makes a statement.B. An interrogative sentence asks a question.C. An imperative sentence gives a command.D. An exclamatory sentence shows excitements or strong feeling.What is a sentence?What are the 4 types of sentences?
3 III. Every sentence has two parts, the subject and the predicate. A. The subject tells who or what the sentence is about.B. The predicate tells what the subject does, is, has, or feels.C. The complete subject contains all the words of the subject.D. The complete predicate contains all the words of the predicate.E. A simple subject is the main word or words in the complete subject.1. Noun2. PronounF. A simple predicate is the main word or words in the complete predicate. (Has at least one verb.)What are the two parts of a sentence?What is the difference between simple and complete subjects and predicates?
4 IV. Finding the subject of an interrogative and imperative sentence. How do you find the subject of an interrogative and imperative sentence?IV. Finding the subject of an interrogative and imperative sentence.A. Imperative Sentences1. The subject is always (You)2. Ex. (You) Read the book.B. Interrogative Sentences1. Rearrange the question into astatement.2. Find the Subject3. Ex. Will Mike see the movie?Rearrange: Mike will see the movie.Subject: Mike
5 What is a compound subject? What is a compound predicate?What are compound sentences?V. Compound SubjectsA. Contain two or more simple subjectsB. Are joined by the conjunctions and, orVI. Compound PredicatesA. Contain two or more simple predicatesVII. Compound SentencesA. Are made up of two or more simplesentences.B. Are joined by a comma and a conjunction such as and, or, or but
6 What are the conjunctions, and when do we use them? What are complex sentences?VIII. ConjunctionsA. Use and to add informationB. Use or to give choicesC. Use but to show a contrastIX. Complex SentencesA. Are made up of two or more simplesentencesB. Are joined by a subordinating conjunction such as after, before and if.C. Have an independent and adependent part.
7 What are sentence fragments and run-ons? X. Fragments and Run-onsA. A sentence fragment has no subject, nopredicate or both.B. A run-on has two or more sentences thatare run together into one sentence.1. Missing conjunctions.2. Commas are incorrect.C. May be corrected in several ways.