Presentation on theme: "Samori Toure of the Mandinka."— Presentation transcript:
1 Samori Toure of the Mandinka. Built his Mandika empire by 1875was a strong ruler and had an army of about 30,000 men both infantry and cavalry.Converted to Islam as a youthUsed Islam to unify the Mandika people so during partition they were united.Bought riles from Sierra Leonehad is own factory where he manufactured and repaired guns.
2 Samori ToureFought the French in 1887 and both parties sued for peace each with different intensions.he divided his army into 3 divisions the Front ,the rear and the middle.Tried to collaborate with the British but they turned him down,tried to forge an alliance with other African rulers they too turned him down too scared of the FrenchSamori had to fight alone
3 Fought again in 1891 and Samori used Scorched –earth Policy to avoid the French artillery and machine guns.This method slowed the French advancement, He adopted surprise attack and withdrawal.Crops animals and Villages were destroyed.Forced French to stop invasion in 1892.1893 Fighting started again he had to conquer other people to get land
4 Samori Scored several victories against the French but as he retreated to barren lands famine greatly weakened his soldiers and he gave up fighting in 1898.He was exiled to Gabon where he died in 1900.Samori resisted the French for over 10 years again here it was the Maxim guns that won the day.
5 The Ndebele RebellionNdebele had fled from Shaka and his wars in South Africa in 1820s and moved to the Limpopo river in modern Zimbabwe.Their king was known as Lobengula on the eve of ScrambleThe British were interested in gold and feared other powers such as Portuguese and the GermansThey also feared the BoersSo Rev Moffat convinced Lobengula to sign a treaty of trade and not to engage with other countries
6 He was cheated by a missionary Rev. John Moffat and Rev He was cheated by a missionary Rev. John Moffat and Rev. Helm who interpreted the treaty wrongly that Lobengula had signed off his land.This was the so called Rudd Concession of 1888It gave Cecil Rhodes permission to minerals in his land
7 while written favored the BSA The treaty was in two parts: written and verbal. Verbal favored Lobengulawhile written favored the BSAEuropeans started to move to Matabeleland in 1890 to establish their homeActivities of rival miners and educated Africans alerted Lobengula who realized that there were two treaties and Rev Helm had cheated him
8 He summoned the Indunas (council) The pro- British induna who advised him was killed together with the familyWrote to Britain to denounce the treatySent a delegation to meet the queen in 1889 but to no avail.Having realized that they had been swindled of land and they are pastoralistsThere was no repudiation of the treaty so he resorted to fight
9 Ndebelle RebellionThey also resented British taking their Land & cattleSo they took up arms and fought in 1893 and 1896 in both wars they were defeated due to maxim guns.100 British troops were killed and hundreds of the Ndebele warriorsNdebele were driven out of their landRhodes negotiated for peace as Ndebele were still fighting since people were dying on both sides so the rebellion ended in 1896.
10 Primary resistance,In these armed conflicts Africans were defeated due to the following:Superior Weapons.Divide and rule policy.Use of African auxiliaries.Enticing collaborators by promising them loot such as land and cattle e.g. Buganda that was given Bunyoro lands