Presentation on theme: "Objectives Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Describe how Americans reacted to the French Revolution. Identify."— Presentation transcript:
1ObjectivesDiscuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory.Describe how Americans reacted to the French Revolution.Identify the main points of Washington’s Farewell Address.Summarize Washington’s accomplishments as President.
2Terms and PeopleAnthony Wayne – Revolutionary War hero who led American troops to victory against Native Americansneutral – not favoring either side in a disputeimpressment – forcing people into public service or useJohn Jay – government representative who negotiated the Jay Treaty with Britain in 1795
3How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States? Britain was supporting Native American attacks on American settlers.Britain and France were seizing American ships to gain their support.Washington secured the Northwest Territory and encouraged Americans to stay neutral in European affairs.
4The Treaty of Paris gave America a vast area called the Northwest Territory. Mississippi RiverOhio River
5British troops remained in the Northwest Territory British troops remained in the Northwest Territory. They aided Native Americans in resisting American settlement.Americans wanted British troops to withdraw.Northwest TerritoryBritish troops
6Native Americans wanted to keep their lands. America faced conflict with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory.Native Americans wanted to keep their lands.American leaders wanted to settle the West.They attacked many American settlements.They tried to force Native Americans to sell their lands.
7Native Americans defeated American troops in 1790 and 1791. Washington sent troops to end the Native American attacks on settlers.Native Americans defeated American troops in 1790 and 1791.In 1794, Americans led by General Anthony Wayne won a major victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
8In the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, Native American leaders gave up most of their lands. This land makes up present day Ohio.
9The French Revolution began in 1789 The French Revolution began in At first, most Americans supported the revolution.During the Reign of Terror, revolutionaries executed more than 17,000 people.After this, the revolution became controversial in America.
10By 1793, France and Britain were at war By 1793, France and Britain were at war. Washington wanted America to remain neutral.FranceBritainUnited StatesBoth countries wanted the U.S. to choose a side. They began stopping and seizing American ships.
11The British made matters worse by the impressment of sailors on American ships. They forced American sailors to serve in the British navy.
12Hamilton urged Washington to stay friendly with Britain. Britain purchased 75 percent of American exports.AmericaBritainThey supplied 90 percent of American imports.
13Washington sent John Jay to Britain Washington sent John Jay to Britain. In 1795, Jay returned with the Jay Treaty.America agreed to:Britain agreed to:pay debts owed to British merchantspay for seized shipsleave the Northwest territorystop aiding Native Americansend impressment
14The Jay Treaty was controversial. Republicans opposed the treaty. They believed it gave too much to Britain and too little to America.Federalists were in favor of the treaty because it kept peace with Britain.Since Federalists controlled the Senate, the Jay Treaty passed.
15In 1796, Washington published his Farewell Address to fellow Americans. Washington made two main points:He feared that political divisions would tear the nation apart.He believed that the United States should not become involved in European affairs.
16Washington took pride in his accomplishments. America had a functioning federal government.The economy was improving.He had avoided war.The Northwest Territory was free from British troops and safe to settle.
17Section ReviewQuickTake QuizKnow It, Show It Quiz17