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Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Describe how Americans reacted.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Describe how Americans reacted."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Discuss the conflicts with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Describe how Americans reacted to the French Revolution. Identify the main points of Washington’s Farewell Address. Summarize Washington’s accomplishments as President. Objectives

2 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Terms and People Anthony Wayne – Revolutionary War hero who led American troops to victory against Native Americans neutral – not favoring either side in a dispute impressment – forcing people into public service or use John Jay – government representative who negotiated the Jay Treaty with Britain in 1795

3 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad How did the actions of Britain and France affect the United States? Britain was supporting Native American attacks on American settlers. Britain and France were seizing American ships to gain their support. Washington secured the Northwest Territory and encouraged Americans to stay neutral in European affairs.

4 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad The Treaty of Paris gave America a vast area called the Northwest Territory. Ohio River Mississippi River Northwest Territory

5 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad British troops remained in the Northwest Territory. They aided Native Americans in resisting American settlement. Americans wanted British troops to withdraw. Northwest Territory British troops

6 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad America faced conflict with Native Americans in the Northwest Territory. Native Americans wanted to keep their lands. American leaders wanted to settle the West. They attacked many American settlements. They tried to force Native Americans to sell their lands.

7 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Washington sent troops to end the Native American attacks on settlers. Native Americans defeated American troops in 1790 and In 1794, Americans led by General Anthony Wayne won a major victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

8 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad In the 1795 Treaty of Greenville, Native American leaders gave up most of their lands. This land makes up present day Ohio.

9 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad The French Revolution began in At first, most Americans supported the revolution. During the Reign of Terror, revolutionaries executed more than 17,000 people. After this, the revolution became controversial in America.

10 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad By 1793, France and Britain were at war. Washington wanted America to remain neutral. United States Both countries wanted the U.S. to choose a side. They began stopping and seizing American ships. Britain France

11 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad The British made matters worse by the impressment of sailors on American ships. They forced American sailors to serve in the British navy.

12 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Hamilton urged Washington to stay friendly with Britain. Britain purchased 75 percent of American exports. AmericaBritain They supplied 90 percent of American imports.

13 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Washington sent John Jay to Britain. In 1795, Jay returned with the Jay Treaty. America agreed to: pay debts owed to British merchants Britain agreed to: pay for seized ships leave the Northwest territory stop aiding Native Americans end impressment

14 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Since Federalists controlled the Senate, the Jay Treaty passed. Republicans opposed the treaty. They believed it gave too much to Britain and too little to America. Federalists were in favor of the treaty because it kept peace with Britain. The Jay Treaty was controversial.

15 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad In 1796, Washington published his Farewell Address to fellow Americans. Washington made two main points: 2.He believed that the United States should not become involved in European affairs. 1.He feared that political divisions would tear the nation apart.

16 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Washington took pride in his accomplishments. America had a functioning federal government. The economy was improving. He had avoided war. The Northwest Territory was free from British troops and safe to settle.

17 Chapter 8 Section 3 Troubles at Home and Abroad Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


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