Presentation on theme: "Motives Driving the New Imperialism European Imperialism grew out of a number of causes. The Industrial Revolution required natural resources not available."— Presentation transcript:
Motives Driving the New Imperialism European Imperialism grew out of a number of causes. The Industrial Revolution required natural resources not available in the home countries; the need for naval bases around the world and for prestige also furthered imperialism; missionaries sought to convert more souls; and social Darwinism made the idea of conquering other peoples more acceptable. What attitude did Great Britain, Germany, and France have toward Africa during the 19 th century? What was a significant factor in enabling European imperialism in Africa? 1 of 6 The New Imperialism Section 1: Building Overseas Empires
The Rapid Spread of Western Imperialism Although a small group of Westerners were against colonialism, most were willing to take advantage of its perks, and conquering other lands proved quite easy. Several older civilizations were in decline during the time of Imperialism, and European powers had powerful armies and navies with technical advances such as the Maxim machine gun. What factors allowed for European Imperialism in Africa? What type of countries were most involved in colonizing Africa? 2 of 6 The New Imperialism Section 1: Building Overseas Empires
The New Imperialism: Section 1 3 of 6 “I contend that we [Britons] are the finest race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race… It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory…” Cecil Rhodes, Confession of Faith 1877 Why does Cecil Rhodes say it is British duty to acquire more territory?
4 of 6 The New Imperialism Section 2: The Partition of Africa A Scramble for Colonies King Leopold II arranged trade treaties with African leaders and soon monopolized the Congo. This started the scramble for colonies by other European nations. An agreement about the process of colonizing Africa was reached at the Berlin Conference in 1884. Berlin Conference European nations agreed upon rules for the division of Africa. No African ruler attended the meetings. What was significant about the Berlin Conference?
The New Imperialism: Section 4 Note Taking Transparency 163 5 of 6 What did Britain refer to India as?
The United States and the Philippines Spain had seized the Philippines in the 1500s, The U.S. took control of the Philippines after winning the Spanish-American War. Filipino nationalists battled American forces but were put down. The U.S. did promise self-rule for the Philippines at some later time. What was the result of the treaty that ended the Spanish- American War? 6 of 6 New Global Patterns Section 2: Southeast Asia and the Pacific The United States and Japan In 1853, President Millard Fillmore sent a fleet of American ships into lower Tokyo Bay to force Japan to open its ports. What allowed the U.S. to do that and be successful?