2 Africa in the Early 1800’s Africa is 3x size of Europe People speak 100’s of languagesVaried governments and ways of lifeIslam was a strong force in much of the continent
3 II. European Contact Increases Explorers map Africa’s interiorMissionaries follow explorersBuilt churches, schools and hospitalsPaternalistic view- seeing Africans as children
4 III. A Scramble for Colonies King Leopold II of Belgium hired Henry Stanley arrange trade treaties with the CongoThis set off a scramble for AfricaBerlin Conference-No Africans invitedAbout rules on colonizing AfricaHad to set up a government office thereNext 20 years Africa almost all split up by EuropeansLeopold II
5 The New Imperialism: Section 2 The Scramble for Africa
6 III. A Scramble for Colonies cont. Horrors in Congo-Belgian overseers brutalize villagersForce them to work for nothingFrance Extends InfluenceTook Algeria and West AfricaBritainTook large but scattered portionsFought the Boers in a guerilla war
7 IV. Africans Resist Imperialism Africans fought back in a series of bloody warsSamori Toure fought the FrenchEthiopia managed to resist colonizationMenelik II King of Ethiopia managed to modernize his countryItaly was defeated when they invadedSamori ToureMenelik II
8 Questions What set off the scramble for Africa? Why do you think Africans were not invited to the Berlin Conference?How did Menilik II preserve Etheopian Independence?How might the division of Africa by the Europeans affect Africa? What if it was Europe that was randomly divided what problems might there be?