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Imperialism in Africa Mr. Nolen Penncrest High School Media, PA Mr. Nolen Penncrest High School Media, PA.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in Africa Mr. Nolen Penncrest High School Media, PA Mr. Nolen Penncrest High School Media, PA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism in Africa Mr. Nolen Penncrest High School Media, PA Mr. Nolen Penncrest High School Media, PA

2 The Scramble for Africa

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4 Famous Explorers David Livingstone & Henry Stanley David Livingstone & Henry Stanley

5 David Livingstone Scottish physician and missionary who “discovered” Victoria Falls

6 Henry Stanley Welsh-born American who went to Africa to find Livingstone

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8 Sir Henry M. Stanley “How I Found Livingstone” 1871 In the meantime, the head of the expedition had halted, and the kirangozi was out of the ranks, holding his flag aloft, and Selim said to me, "I see the Doctor, sir. Oh, what an old man! He has got a white beard.” And I---what would I not have given for a bit of friendly wilderness, where, unseen, I might vent my joy in some mad freak, such as idiotically biting my hand, turning somersaults, or slashing at trees, in order to allay those exciting feelings that were well-nigh uncontrollable. My heart beats fast, but I must not let my face betray my emotions, lest it shall detract from the dignity of a white man appearing under such extraordinary circumstances. In the meantime, the head of the expedition had halted, and the kirangozi was out of the ranks, holding his flag aloft, and Selim said to me, "I see the Doctor, sir. Oh, what an old man! He has got a white beard.” And I---what would I not have given for a bit of friendly wilderness, where, unseen, I might vent my joy in some mad freak, such as idiotically biting my hand, turning somersaults, or slashing at trees, in order to allay those exciting feelings that were well-nigh uncontrollable. My heart beats fast, but I must not let my face betray my emotions, lest it shall detract from the dignity of a white man appearing under such extraordinary circumstances.

9 So I did that which I thought was most dignified. I pushed back the crowds, and, passing from the rear, walked down a living avenue of people until I came in front of the semicircle of Arabs, in the front of which stood the white man with the grey beard. As I advanced slowly towards him, I noticed he was pale, looked wearied, had a grey beard, wore a bluish cap with a faded gold band round it, had on a red-sleeved waistcoat and a pair of grey tweed trousers. I would have run to him, only I was a coward in the presence of such a mob---would have embraced him, only he being an Englishman, I did not know how he would receive me; so I did what cowardice and false pride suggested was the best thing--- walked deliberately to him, took off my hat, and said: So I did that which I thought was most dignified. I pushed back the crowds, and, passing from the rear, walked down a living avenue of people until I came in front of the semicircle of Arabs, in the front of which stood the white man with the grey beard. As I advanced slowly towards him, I noticed he was pale, looked wearied, had a grey beard, wore a bluish cap with a faded gold band round it, had on a red-sleeved waistcoat and a pair of grey tweed trousers. I would have run to him, only I was a coward in the presence of such a mob---would have embraced him, only he being an Englishman, I did not know how he would receive me; so I did what cowardice and false pride suggested was the best thing--- walked deliberately to him, took off my hat, and said:

10 "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" "Yes," said he, with a kind smile, lifting his cap slightly. I replace my hat on my head, and he puts on his cap, and we both grasp hands, and I then say aloud: --- "I thank God, Doctor, I have been permitted to see you." He answered, "I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you." "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" "Yes," said he, with a kind smile, lifting his cap slightly. I replace my hat on my head, and he puts on his cap, and we both grasp hands, and I then say aloud: --- "I thank God, Doctor, I have been permitted to see you." He answered, "I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you."

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12 European Motives Economic Motives  Needed raw materials for factories  palm oil, cotton, gum, rubber, ivory, hard- woods  Needed places to sell the goods produced in factories

13 Political Motives  Competition among European countries Political Motives  Competition among European countries

14 Religious Motives  Missionaries spread Christianity Religious Motives  Missionaries spread Christianity

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16 European Powers in Africa  European country with the most African colonies: Britain  European country with the second most colonies: France

17 Innovations That Allowed Europeans to Take Over Africa  Medicine for Malaria and Yellow Fever  Maxim Machine Gun  Medicine for Malaria and Yellow Fever  Maxim Machine Gun

18 Independent African Nations Countries that were not colonized:  Ethiopia  Liberia

19 Leopold II and the Congo Free State  Hired Henry Morton Stanley to lead expedition on Congo River in 1879  Personally owned Congo Free State where many atrocities occurred; 5-15 million dead!  Belgian government took control of “Belgian Congo” in 1908

20 Spark of the “Scramble for Africa” King Leopold II claimed the Congo

21 The Berlin Conference ( )  Sparked by Leopold II’s acquisition of the Congo  European powers agreed to:  Establishment of Congo Free State  Free trade and navigation of Niger & Congo Rivers  Agreed to end slave trade  Agreed to process by which Africa would be divided among European Powers

22 The Berlin Conference  Purpose: to decide how Europeans would divide Africa  Participants: Europeans, no Africans  Purpose: to decide how Europeans would divide Africa  Participants: Europeans, no Africans


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