Presentation on theme: "Imperialism: The Scramble for Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Imperialism: The Scramble for Africa What were the motives of European colonizers during the scramble for Africa?
2 Exploration of AfricaMid 1800s: Africa was divided into various kingdomsEuropean countries controlled a few areas along the coastlines (10%) – Why?1. Europeans could not navigate the rivers of interior Africa2. African armies/lack of interest keep Europeans out of interior AfricaInvention of the steam engine, made it possible for Europeans to navigate interior riversA British missionary named David Livingstone would be one of the first Europeans to explore interior AfricaLivingstone’s goal to convert Africans to Christianity – stop slave tradeLivingstone tells great stories about Africa, then disappears. American newspaper hires Henry Stanley to try to find him
3 Livingstone Explores Africa – Answer Ques in notes What was the reason David Livingstone explored Africa?How was Africa perceived by most Europeans and how did Livingstone’s journey change those perceptions?To what part of Africa did Livingstone actually have to leave the continent? (map)What two African lakes did Livingstone explore? (map)What was the significance of Livingstone’s explorations?
4 After finding Livingstone, Stanley explores along the Congo River Explorations attract the interest of Belgian King Leopold IIKing Leopold hires Stanley to help obtain land in the CongoLeopold claims he wants to convert Africans to Christianity and help end slave trade, but really wants minerals & rubber in the region10 million Africans die due to abuses during Leopold’s ruleBelgian Gov takes Congo away from LeopoldBelgian Congo 80x bigger than Belgium. Rest of Europe worried they don’t have a piece, scramble for the rest of Africa begins
5 Portugal Spain Italy Germany France Belgium Britain Netherlands Mad Scramble for Africa Political CartoonPortugalSpainItalyGermanyFranceBelgiumBritain1. Identify the people in the cartoon2. Identify the action in the cartoonNetherlands
6 Berlin ConferenceThe discovery of diamonds and gold also intensify the scrambleEuropean countries feared war could break out over Africa1884: To prevent conflict, European nations meet at the Berlin Conference to lay down rules for the colonization of AfricaMost powerful countries would claim areas they wanted firstAfrican leaders or people are not consulted
7 1. Cash crops instead of “food” crops Why Does Imperialism happen in Africa?1) Europeans want raw materials for their factories + new markets2) Wanted to gain new colonies for national pride/power3) Racism & Social DarwinismRacism = Belief of the superiority of one raceSocial Darwinism = Idea that “survival of the fittest” applies to humans4) Missionaries wanted to convert Africa to ChristianityHow does Imperialism happen in Africa?1) European technological advances (weapons, steamboats, medicine communications)2) Variety of cultures and languages keep Africans disunifiedHow does this effect Africans?1. Cash crops instead of “food” crops2. Different ethnic groups forced together into a country