Presentation on theme: "Imperialism of Africa European Scramble for Colonies."— Presentation transcript:
Imperialism of Africa European Scramble for Colonies
Basic Principles of Imperialism Imperialism?: Racism?: Social Darwinism?:
Industrial Revolution Source for Raw Materials Markets for Finished Goods European Nationalism Missionary Activity Military & Naval Bases European Motives For Colonization Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Soc. & Eco. Opportunities Humanitarian Reasons European Racism “White Man’s Burden” Social Darwinism
Why was Africa Prone to Imperialism? External Factors?: Internal Factors?: What were Euros after?
The Berlin Conference (1884-85) 14 European nations agreed how to divide Africa Problem?! Outcomes: Forced distribution of African ethnic & linguistic groups Transformation of African way of life
1. Where Is Dr. Livingstone? Dr. David Livingstone Doctor Livingstone, I Presume? Sir Henry Morton Stanley Also: founded Congo Free State (on behalf of King Leopold II of Belgium)
European Explorations in mid-19c: “The Scramble for Africa”
The Belgian Congo Stanley’s exploration of Af. sparked interest of Leopold II (Belgium) 1879-1882: Stanley signed treaties w/chiefs of Congo River Valley for Leo Leo’s primary motive = abolish slavery & spread Christianity BUT, he brutally exploited Congo for rubber 10 mill. died 1908: Belgian govt. took control
III. The Boer War (1899-1902) Boers: guerilla tactics British: burned farms Outcome? 1910: the Union of South Africa National Party?
Ethiopia: A Successful Resistance The only Af. nation that resisted Euros. Menelik II 1889: became emperor Built up a large arsenal of modern weapons Noticed discrepancies in treaty w/Italy 1896: Battle of Adowa – Ethiopians won
3 Groups that clashed over territory & resources in South Africa Zulus Boers (Afrikaners) (Dutch) British Outcome of the Boer War (1899-1902) Creation of self-governing Union of South Africa controlled by British (Apartheid system)
What were 4 positive sides of colonialism? Reduced local warfare Brought humanitarian efforts Economic expansion Railroads, dams, telegraph lines
What were 6 negative sides of colonialism in Africa? Africans lost control of their land & their independence Many died of new diseases Famine Lost thousands of people in resisting Europeans Breakdown of traditional cultures Division of the African continent