Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in Africa With the end of the slave trade in Africa…how do you think the relationship between Europe and Africa would change?"— Presentation transcript:
1Imperialism in AfricaWith the end of the slave trade in Africa…how do you think the relationship between Europe and Africa would change?
2Industrialization leads to a new look at Africa…not for slaves Industrialization fueled the need for resourcesEuropean nations competed for new marketsMany nations looked to Africa for raw materials and as a market for industrial goodsEuropean nations viewed an empire as a measure of greatness
3Africa before the mid-1800s Hundreds of ethnic groupsMore than 1000 languagesTraditional beliefs, Christianity, and IslamSmall villages and large empiresAfrican armies kept Europeans on the coastEuropean travel to the interior of Africa was difficult – terrain, climate, diseaseEuropeans that did go inland were mostly missionaries and humanitarians
4“Dr. Livingstone, I presume?” Late 1860s – Scottish missionary David Livingstone traveled with a group of Africans into Central Africa to promote ChristianitySeveral years passed, people thought he diedAmerican journalist Henry Stanley found him in 1871, with the famous greeting aboveStanley’s exploration and reporting sparked interest of the Belgium King Leopold IIStanley was hired to sign treaties with local chiefs along the Congo River valley, giving Belgium control of the land
5The Belgian CongoKing Leopold claimed he was in the Congo to end the slave trade and promote ChristianityReality: brutally exploited Africans to gain personal wealth10 million Congolese died due the abuses inflicted during Leopold’s ruleBelgium’s African claims sparked other European nations to venture inland Africa
6Scramble for AfricaIn 1884, fourteen European nations met to create rules for the division of AfricaAny European country could claim land in AfricaThere were no African rulers in attendanceLed to the “Scramble for Africa”By 1914, only Liberia and Ethiopia were not claimed by Europe
7Your turn to “Scramble” You will each represent an European nation that is intent on colonizing Africa.Think about the following:What are your motivations?What is your rationale for taking over?What are the rules of the game?
8Recap and ReflectionLook at the maps and see what regions of Africa your nation actually claimedLook at the traditional ethnic boundaries of Africa – did you think about these?
9Why and how did it happen? Motivations?Rationale?HOW?Factors that allowedEuropeans to take over
10Motivations for the “Scramble” Desire for raw materials and mineralsGold, diamonds, copper, tinCash crops: peanuts, palm oil, cocoa, rubberFeelings of European superiorityNational pride – empire showed strengthRacism – a reflection of Social DarwinismEuropeans had the moral right and duty to civilize
11Factors that promoted Imperialism Technological & Scientific SuperiorityAutomatic machine gunSteam engine travel and communicationDeveloped drug quinine to protect from malariaSize and diversity of AfricaVariety of languages and cultures – little unityWars and rivalries already existed
12“I contend that we are the first race in the world, and the more of the world we inhabit, the better it is for the human race…It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race, more of the best, the most human, most honorable race the world possesses.” - Cecil Rhodes, England
13What were the lasting impacts of Imperialism in Africa? What do you think were the lasting impacts of the division of Africa by Western European powers?