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12.2- Partition of Africa European countries scramble for African territories. Africans resist, but cannot stop the Europeans.

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Presentation on theme: "12.2- Partition of Africa European countries scramble for African territories. Africans resist, but cannot stop the Europeans."— Presentation transcript:

1 12.2- Partition of Africa European countries scramble for African territories. Africans resist, but cannot stop the Europeans.

2 Africa in the Early 1800s  Prior to imperialism, Africa was a multi- language, multi-governmental country  North Africa was largely composed of the Sahara Desert, along with fertile lands near the Mediterranean Sea.  East Africa was largely influenced by the Muslim religion, slave trade (Middle East), and natural resources such as copper and ivory

3 Africa in the Early 1800s  In Southern Africa, the Zulus emerged as a major force, led by Shaka  Shaka slowly took over and conquered many nearby people.  This set off many wars and migrations away from the area.

4 Great Trek  A group called the boers migrated from the now British-controlled Cape Colony.  They migrated northeast, eventually running into the Zulus, creating a conflict that would last until the end of the century

5 European Contact Increases  Navigating Africa’s large rivers (Niger, Nile, Congo) led European imperialists to explore Africa further inland  Catholic and Protestant missionaries traveled into Africa and helped build schools, medical clinics, and churches  The missionaries urged Africans to reject their native ways in favor of Western civilization  Famous Missionaries: Dr. David Livingstone, Henry Stanley

6 A Scramble for Colonies  King Leopold II of Belgium hired Henry Stanley to navigate the Congo River Basin and arrange trades with African leaders there.  This set off a scramble for African colonies

7 Berlin Conference  The purpose of the Berlin Conference was to avoid war over African territories  They recognized Leopold’s claims at the Congo Basin, but organized free trade from the Congo and Niger rivers  They also claimed that a European power could not claim any part of Africa unless it had set up a government office there  This led to the completely redrawn map of Europe, on page 395.

8 Issues with Imperialism  Workers in the Congo (under Belgian rule) were beaten and mutilated, and the population declined drastically.  France lost tens of thousands of lives in its conquest of Algeria, in North Africa  Britain acquired the Cape Colony in 1814, and also saw its influence spread into Egypt, the Sudan, and West Africa as well.

9 The Boer War  Boers left the Cape Colony, and headed north to set up their own colonies and governments  In the late 1800s, the discovery of gold led them into conflicts with the British, eventually resulting in the Boer War, which lasted from , costing many British casualties  Eventually, Britain unified the Boer republics with the Cape Colony, creating the Union of South Africa.

10 Africans Resist Imperialism  Algerians battle the French  British battled the Zulus in the South, and the Asante in the West  Germans were fighting in Zimbabwe in the East  Maji-Maji Rebellion- Germans survive after burning farmlands, leading the natives to starve  Ethiopia managed to fight off imperialists and maintain their independence  Menelik II began to modernize the country in the late 1800s, building roads, a school system, etc.


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