Presentation on theme: "12.2- Partition of Africa European countries scramble for African territories. Africans resist, but cannot stop the Europeans."— Presentation transcript:
112.2- Partition of AfricaEuropean countries scramble for African territories. Africans resist, but cannot stop the Europeans.
2Africa in the Early 1800sPrior to imperialism, Africa was a multi-language, multi-governmental countryNorth Africa was largely composed of the Sahara Desert, along with fertile lands near the Mediterranean Sea.East Africa was largely influenced by the Muslim religion, slave trade (Middle East), and natural resources such as copper and ivory
3Africa in the Early 1800sIn Southern Africa, the Zulus emerged as a major force, led by ShakaShaka slowly took over and conquered many nearby people.This set off many wars and migrations away from the area.
4Great TrekA group called the boers migrated from the now British-controlled Cape Colony.They migrated northeast, eventually running into the Zulus, creating a conflict that would last until the end of the century
5European Contact Increases Navigating Africa’s large rivers (Niger, Nile, Congo) led European imperialists to explore Africa further inlandCatholic and Protestant missionaries traveled into Africa and helped build schools, medical clinics, and churchesThe missionaries urged Africans to reject their native ways in favor of Western civilizationFamous Missionaries: Dr. David Livingstone, Henry Stanley
6A Scramble for Colonies King Leopold II of Belgium hired Henry Stanley to navigate the Congo River Basin and arrange trades with African leaders there.This set off a scramble for African colonies
7Berlin ConferenceThe purpose of the Berlin Conference was to avoid war over African territoriesThey recognized Leopold’s claims at the Congo Basin, but organized free trade from the Congo and Niger riversThey also claimed that a European power could not claim any part of Africa unless it had set up a government office thereThis led to the completely redrawn map of Europe, on page 395.
8Issues with Imperialism Workers in the Congo (under Belgian rule) were beaten and mutilated, and the population declined drastically.France lost tens of thousands of lives in its conquest of Algeria, in North AfricaBritain acquired the Cape Colony in 1814, and also saw its influence spread into Egypt, the Sudan, and West Africa as well.
9The Boer WarBoers left the Cape Colony, and headed north to set up their own colonies and governmentsIn the late 1800s, the discovery of gold led them into conflicts with the British, eventually resulting in the Boer War, which lasted from , costing many British casualtiesEventually, Britain unified the Boer republics with the Cape Colony, creating the Union of South Africa.
10Africans Resist Imperialism Algerians battle the FrenchBritish battled the Zulus in the South, and the Asante in the WestGermans were fighting in Zimbabwe in the EastMaji-Maji Rebellion- Germans survive after burning farmlands, leading the natives to starveEthiopia managed to fight off imperialists and maintain their independenceMenelik II began to modernize the country in the late 1800s, building roads, a school system, etc.