Presentation on theme: "European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Chapter 17 Section 3"— Presentation transcript:
1 European Claims in Sub-Saharan Africa Chapter 17 Section 3
2 Competition for West Africa In the past: major center of slave trade.Now: used for trading things like palm oil, feathers, ivory, rubber…etc.West Africans – strongly resisted imperialist nations.
3 Early 1900’sFrance, Great Britain, Germany, Spain, and Portugal own most of West Africa.Liberia – only independent colony in West AfricaU.S. helped them stay independent.
4 Livingstone and Stanley Dr. David Livingstone – Scottish medical missionary.Missing in Central Africa for 5 years.Henry Stanley – American journalistHired by New York Herald to find Livingstone
5 Livingstone and Stanley (cont.) In 1871, Stanley found LivingstoneUttered greeting that became famous around the world, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume?”Wrote about search and good land to explore.
6 King Leopold II of Belgium listened to Stanley The CongoKing Leopold II of Belgium listened to StanleyPrivate colony ~1 million sq. milesTreated them very poorlySlave labor for rubber productionOUTRAGE from other countries – led to Belgian Congo 1908
7 East African Colonization Drought led to famineImported cattle brought illness to African cattle, by 1890 most of the cattle had diedAfricans were too weak to resist
8 Cape Colony – South Africa Early 1800’s seized by British Southern AfricaCape Colony – South AfricaUsed by Dutch as supply stationEarly 1800’s seized by British14,000 farmers, resent the British – Known as the Boers (ancestors of Dutch settlers)
9 1884 – European leaders met Berlin Conference Resolve conflicts over African coloniesAfricans have no sayDivided colonies amongst themselves
10 Berlin Conference1884 – 1885: 12 European nations, U.S. and Ottoman Empire meet (no African reps)Decisions:Free trade on Congo & Niger RiversHad to gain control of colony before claiming itNo arms sales to Africans
11 Effects of Imperialism on Africa Paternalism – treated colonies like “children”Believed Africans could not rule themselves, controlled all aspects of their lives.New crops, inventions, techniques, medicine, roads, communication.Assimilation never happened; passive resistance instead.