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THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA CHAPTER 11 - SECTION 1. WHY IT MATTERS NOW African nations continue to feel the effects of the colonial presence more than 100.

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Presentation on theme: "THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA CHAPTER 11 - SECTION 1. WHY IT MATTERS NOW African nations continue to feel the effects of the colonial presence more than 100."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICA CHAPTER 11 - SECTION 1

2 WHY IT MATTERS NOW African nations continue to feel the effects of the colonial presence more than 100 years later African nations continue to feel the effects of the colonial presence more than 100 years later

3 EMPIRE BUILDING Europeans established colonies ignoring the claims of African: Europeans established colonies ignoring the claims of African: Ethnic groups Ethnic groups Kingdoms Kingdoms City-states City-states

4 IMPERIALISM The seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country The seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country WHY DID EUROPEANS WANT TO COLONIZE AFRICA? Industrialization leads to the need for more resources - new markets Industrialization leads to the need for more resources - new markets

5 AFRICA BEFORE EUROPEAN DOMINATION Divided into 100s of ethnic groups Divided into 100s of ethnic groups 1000s of languages 1000s of languages Large empires that united independent villages Large empires that united independent villages

6 NATIONS COMPETE FOR OVERSEAS EMPIRES Steamboat- aided inland travel Steamboat- aided inland travel Missionaries, explorers, humanitarians who opposed Euro and US slave trade Missionaries, explorers, humanitarians who opposed Euro and US slave trade Led to an increase in travel books and newspapers - Led to an increase in travel books and newspapers - Stories of adventure, mystery & excitement Stories of adventure, mystery & excitement

7 "DR. LIVINGSTON, I PRESUME?"

8 THE CONGO SPARKS INTEREST Henry Stanley: Henry Stanley: Commissioned by King Leopold II of Belgium Commissioned by King Leopold II of Belgium To obtain land in the Congo To obtain land in the Congo Claimed the motive was to end slavery & promote Christianity Claimed the motive was to end slavery & promote Christianity Really he just exploited the Congolese Really he just exploited the Congolese 10 million die at hands of Leopold 10 million die at hands of Leopold Other nations alarmed! (France) Other nations alarmed! (France)

9 FORCES DRIVING IMPERIALISM Belief in European Superiority Belief in European Superiority National pride - measure of national greatness National pride - measure of national greatness Racism - reflection of Social Darwinism - Racism - reflection of Social Darwinism -

10 FACTORS PROMOTING IMPERIALISM IN AFRICA Europe: Technologically superior? Europe: Technologically superior? Maxim Gun Maxim Gun Steam engine Steam engine Quinine - protected against malaria Quinine - protected against malaria Discovery of gold and diamonds Discovery of gold and diamonds Ethnic differences in Africa led to cultural clashes Ethnic differences in Africa led to cultural clashes

11 BERLIN CONFERENCE 14 European countries lay down ground rules for dividing up Africa 14 European countries lay down ground rules for dividing up Africa

12 Demand for Raw Materials Shapes the Colonies Belgian Congo = Copper & Tin South Africa = Gold & Diamonds All over Africa = Cash crops peanuts palm oil cocoarubber

13 Three Groups Clash Over South Africa Africans, Dutch & British Zulus Fight the BritishZulus Fight the British Shaka – Zulu Chief – who used highly disciplined warriors & good military organization to create a large centralized state.Shaka – Zulu Chief – who used highly disciplined warriors & good military organization to create a large centralized state. Eventually lose their lands to the British invadersEventually lose their lands to the British invaders

14 Boers & The British Settle in the Cape Boers (Afrikaners)= Dutch Farmers Took African lands & developed farmsTook African lands & developed farms British take over the land & clash with boersBritish take over the land & clash with boers Boers fled north (The Great Trek)Boers fled north (The Great Trek)

15 Boer War ( South African War) Diamonds & gold found in South AfricaDiamonds & gold found in South Africa Boers – tried to keep outisiders from gaining political rights –caused rebellionBoers – tried to keep outisiders from gaining political rights –caused rebellion Boers blame the British – begin warBoers blame the British – begin war Boers = Guerilla tacticsBoers = Guerilla tactics British = burned farms – imprisoned women & children (diseased concentration camps)British = burned farms – imprisoned women & children (diseased concentration camps)

16 Britain Wins the War


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