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Social Darwinism: Europeans should colonize Africa in order to spread their superior civilization.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Darwinism: Europeans should colonize Africa in order to spread their superior civilization."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Darwinism: Europeans should colonize Africa in order to spread their superior civilization.

2 Religion: Europeans should colonize Africa in order to spread Christianity.

3 Economics: Europeans should colonize Africa in order to make their own countries richer.

4 National Pride: Europeans should colonize Africa in order to compete with other Europeans.

5 King Leopolds Congo HOW DID ONE MAN TAKE CONTROL OF MUCH OF CENTRAL AFRICA?

6 The Democratic Republic of Congo Now the third-largest country in Africa Valuable minerals, diverse geography Portuguese arrived in 1480s and began trading minerals, then slaves By 1850s, slave trade mostly replaced by trade in resources – ivory, gold, copper, rubber

7 King Leopold II of Belgium King of Belgium, Desperately wanted an overseas empire (national pride) Interested in Central Africa – little competition 1876: hosted conference of explorers and geographers Aim: to bring civilization to Africa Formed International Africa Association explore and open trade with Central Africa

8 Exploring the Congo Henry Morton Stanley – American hired by Leopold to explore Congo Rivalry with France Stanley signed 450 treaties with local chiefs – exclusive rights to land and trade

9 Berlin Conference (again) European countries divide up Africa International Africa Association not represented – but Henry Morton Stanley is there Leopold manipulates events US recognizes Leopolds control Leopold gains control over an area 75 times larger than Belgium Creates the Congo Free State


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