Presentation on theme: "UNIT 6: Sex Education, Human Reproduction, and STDs"— Presentation transcript:
1 UNIT 6: Sex Education, Human Reproduction, and STDs Mean Girls Video ClipFresh Prince Video Clip
2 Reproduction Health MALES Preventing STDS FEMALES Preventing STDS Maintaining good reproductive health is important to your total health. WHY?Lance Armstrong—finding a lump on his testicle. Luckily he found it soon enough to treat it before it spread too much.MALESPreventing STDSPreventing InfertilityRegular Medical Check-UpsPreventing TraumaPreventing Jock ItchPreventing HerniasFEMALESPreventing STDSPreventing InfertilityRegular Medical Check-UpsPreventing Vaginal IrritationFor women, a regular menstrual cycle is a good sing of reproductive health.
4 Detecting Testicular Cancer Most common cancer between males ages 15 to 35.Contact doctor if there are any troublesome signs.
5 Detecting Breast Cancer Breast cancer is leading cause of cancer death in women ages 20 to 59.A clinical breast exam should be part of a periodic health exam. Women in their 20s and 30s should schedule such checkups about once every three years, and women 40 and older should get such an exam every year.
6 Male Reproductive System Produces sperm to deliver to the female reproductive systemSPERM: sex cells that are produced by the male reproductive system called the testes, and are needed to fertilize an eggPENIS: removes urine and delivers sperm to female R.S.; during sexual activity blood vessels fill and cause it to become erectSEMEN: released from epididymis during ejaculation when sperm and other secretions are released from the penis
7 Male Reproductive System Made of internal and external organsTESTES: makes sperm and Testosterone (sex hormone, also causes facial hair, body odor and voice to deepen)Produce several hundred million sperm each daySCROTUM: skin covered sac that hangs from the body to keep sperm cooler since they can not properly develop at higher temperatures of inner body
8 Female Reproductive System EGGS or OVA: sex cells that are produced by female reproductive system called the ovariesFERTILIZATION: process by which a sperm and egg and their genetic material join to create a new human lifeFALLOPIAN TUBES: Female reproductive organ that transports an egg to the uterus; sperm fertilizes the egg here
9 Female Reproductive System Function of female reproductive system is to make eggs and to provide a place to support and nourish a developing humanInternal and external organsBreasts are not directly involved in producing human life but are considered secondary reproductive organs because they produce milk for the child
10 Female Reproductive System VAGINA: connects outside of body to the uterus and receives the sperm during reproduction; allows menstrual flow to exit body; also the birth canal through which baby is deliveredOVARIES: produces egg and estrogen and progesterone. Eggs are there when the female is born.ESTROGEN: hormone that causes pubic and underarm hair growth, strengthens bones, regulate monthly release of an egg and prepare body for pregnancyUTERUS: A muscular cavity located at the top of the vagina and between the bladder and rectum; a place to support a developing humanENDOMETRIUM: thin lining in the uterus; shed monthly in response to the hormonal changes of the menstrual period
12 How the Menstrual Cycle Works Monthly cycle of hormone-controlled changes that usually lasts daysMatures an egg and prepares the uterus for pregnancyEndometrium grows rich and thick to prepare uterus for the fertilized egg.If pregnancy does not occur, the uterus must get rid of this lining so that it can grow a new one in the next cycle.
13 How the Menstrual Cycle Works The menstrual flow thus consists of:the shed uterine liningblood (this comes from the blood vessels which are torn when the lining is shed)the degenerated unfertilized eggOccurs approximately 500 times (once per month) until women reach menopause between ages 50 and 55.
14 What do you consider as sex? IntercourseVaginalAnalOral—still not considered “safe” because it is associated with the same diseases as vaginal or anal sexForeplayAnal/Oral will protectyou from gettingpregnant, but that is it!14
15 What can happen if you have sex? PregnancyEmotional IssuesSTD’s15
16 STD’sSTD’s: Infections usually transmitted through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact; can be curable (bacteria) or incurable (virus)It is possible to have more than 1 STD at a time.1 out of every 4 sexually active teens has an STD- Chlamydia: (bacterial) most popular STD in United States- Gonorrhea: (bacterial)- Genital Warts (HPV)- Herpes: (Virus)- HIV/AIDS (Virus)- Syphilis- Crabs (pubic lice)- Hepatitis
17 Bacterial Disease vs. Virus Bacterial diseases such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia can be easily treated using antibiotic and are curable. However, they can be re-acquired.Viruses (AIDS & Herpes) may be treated but can not be cured! They will stay with you the rest of your life!
18 Symptoms of somebody who has an STD… NONEPainful UrinationWarts/BlistersAbdominal PainsRashGenital/Oral/Anal UlcersFoul Smelling DischargeBleeding during sexYou can’t tell if somebody has an STD based on the way they look. They may look completely normal.18
20 What does somebody with HIV look like? Just like anybody else!!20
21 Getting Tested Is it worth it?? Sex usually takes place where? How do you know if somebody has an STD?Males vs. FemalesIs it worth it??
22 HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) First recognized in the 1980s in a number of gay, white, men in California. Thought to have originated from the Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) that affects monkeys.Attacks the human immune systemHIV is virus that causes AIDSPeople with HIV usually develop AIDS within first 10 years of getting HIVThere is NO cure, only treatment to slow HIV down.Transmitted 3 Ways…Sexual ActivityNeedlesInfected mothers giving birth22
23 You Cannot get AIDS from… HuggingKissingShaking HandsToilet SeatsCoughingSneezingDrinking fountainsMosquitoes23
24 Abstinence Abstinence- the decision to not have ANY sexual intercourse It is the only 100% effective method in preventing HIV, STD’s, and pregnancy24
25 The surest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases is to abstain from sexual intercourse, or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected.Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of STDs.