2 Objectives Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence Identify symptoms and treatments of STD’sExplain how HIV affects and destroys the immune system
3 How well do you know the 63 people you had sex with last night?
4 STDsdiseases/infections which are spread from person to person through:sexual intercourseoral-genital contactIV drug
5 METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: Low Risk or No Risk HuggingKissingHolding handsDancingSitting on toiletsSharing lip balmMassage
6 METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: High Risk Sexual IntercoursevaginaloralBlood-to-blood contactSharing needlesTattoo or body piercingInfected mother to her baby
7 Bacterial vs. Viral STI’s Chlamydia, gonorrhea & syphilistreated/cured with antibioticsUntreated cause PID, infertility, & epididymitisViral:genital warts, HIV, Herpes,NO curetreat symptoms onlyrest of one’s life
8 Chlamydia The most common STI Greatest number of infections found in people 15 to 24 years oldCaused by bacteriaSexual contactDischarge for penis and vaginaPainful urinationCan be treated with antibioticsPainful urination
9 GONORRHEA bacterial STI Sexual contact Can affect the cervix, urethra, rectum, throat, and occasionally the eyesCan be treated with antibioticsOften NO symptoms, especially in females
10 FEMALE SYMPTOMS: MALE SYMPTOMS: a yellow or white discharge from the vaginaMay be a burning or pain when urinatingBleeding between periodsHeavier and more painful periodsMALE SYMPTOMS:Yellow or white drip/discharge from penisBurning or pain when urinatingSwollen testicles
22 HIV There are two main ways you get AIDS: sexual contact Sharing drug needles
23 HIV/AIDS Virus destroys the immune system present in blood, semen, vaginal secretions & breast milk
24 HIV / AIDS – Signs & Symptoms 2 to 4 weeks after exposureexperience mild flu-like symptoms then disappearMany people have NO symptoms until years after exposureThe only way to know is to get TESTED!
25 Prevention Abstinence Know your partner Limit your partners Visit your doctorAlways lookKeep clean!STD Hotline:
26 Remember:People who engage in premarital sex are nearly 50% more likely to divorce.3 million teens contract an STD each year – some of which have no cure, are a leading cause of cervical cancer or can even lead to infertility.