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Sexually Transmitted Infections. Objectives Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence Identify symptoms and treatments of STD’s Explain how HIV.

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Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections. Objectives Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence Identify symptoms and treatments of STD’s Explain how HIV."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexually Transmitted Infections

2 Objectives Analyze the importance and benefits of abstinence Identify symptoms and treatments of STD’s Explain how HIV affects and destroys the immune system

3 How well do you know the 63 people you had sex with last night?

4 STDs diseases/infections which are spread from person to person through: – s– s– s– sexual intercourse –o–o–o–oral-genital contact –I–I–I–IV drug

5 METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: Low Risk or No Risk  Hugging  Kissing  Holding hands  Dancing  Sitting on toilets  Sharing lip balm  Massage

6 METHODS OF TRANSMISSION: High Risk  Sexual Intercourse  vaginal  oral  Blood-to-blood contact  Sharing needles  Tattoo or body piercing  Infected mother to her baby

7 Bacterial vs. Viral STI’s Bacterial: Chlamydia, gonorrhea & syphilis Chlamydia, gonorrhea & syphilis treated/cured with antibiotics treated/cured with antibiotics Untreated cause PID, infertility, & epididymitis Untreated cause PID, infertility, & epididymitis Viral: genital warts, HIV, Herpes, genital warts, HIV, Herpes, NO cure NO cure treat symptoms only treat symptoms only rest of one’s life rest of one’s life

8 Chlamydia The most common STI The most common STI Greatest number of infections found in people 15 to 24 years old Greatest number of infections found in people 15 to 24 years old Caused by bacteria Caused by bacteria Sexual contact Sexual contact Discharge for penis and vagina Discharge for penis and vagina Painful urination Painful urination Can be treated with antibiotics Can be treated with antibiotics

9 GONORRHEA bacterial STI bacterial STI Sexual contact Sexual contact Can affect the cervix, urethra, rectum, throat, and occasionally the eyes Can affect the cervix, urethra, rectum, throat, and occasionally the eyes Can be treated with antibiotics Can be treated with antibiotics Often NO symptoms, especially in females Often NO symptoms, especially in females

10 FEMALE SYMPTOMS : FEMALE SYMPTOMS : a yellow or white discharge from the vagina May be a burning or pain when urinating Bleeding between periods Heavier and more painful periods MALE SYMPTOMS: MALE SYMPTOMS: Yellow or white drip/discharge from penis Burning or pain when urinating Swollen testicles

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12 SYPHILIS caused by bacteria Direct/sexual contact Sores - external genitalia, vagina, anus/rectum, lips and in the mouth

13 SYMPTOMS Stage 1 appear days after contact. sore - firm, round, small, and painless appears on genital areas sore lasts 1-5 weeks and heals on its own Females the sores are internal

14 SYMPTOMS 2 nd stage lasts 3-6 weeks skin rash – palms, hands, and soles of feet 3rd stage: damage the internal organs/bones 4th stage: death

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16 Herpes Symptoms show 2-20 days after contact Symptoms show 2-20 days after contact sexual contact - virus sexual contact - virus infected for life – NO CURE infected for life – NO CURESYMPTOMS painful/itchy blisters fever burning urination

17 Genital Warts Sexual contact Sexual contact Virus Virus NO CURE NO CURE

18 Symptoms Pink/reddish warts look like tiny cauliflower Pink/reddish warts look like tiny cauliflower itching, burning and some pain itching, burning and some pain inside the vagina, on the cervix, or in the rectum or throat inside the vagina, on the cervix, or in the rectum or throat Interfere with waste elimination Interfere with waste elimination

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20 Pubic Lice = Crabs Color/size of small freckles Color/size of small freckles attack pubic areas attack pubic areas also under arms, eyelashes, moustaches also under arms, eyelashes, moustaches Spread - direct physical contact Spread - direct physical contact SYMPTOMS: terrible, persisting itch in the genital areas SYMPTOMS: terrible, persisting itch in the genital areas

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22 HIV There are two main ways you get AIDS: sexual contact sexual contact Sharing drug needles

23 HIV/AIDS Virus Virus destroys the immune system destroys the immune system present in blood, semen, vaginal secretions & breast milk present in blood, semen, vaginal secretions & breast milk

24 HIV / AIDS – Signs & Symptoms 2 to 4 weeks after exposure 2 to 4 weeks after exposure experience mild flu-like symptoms then disappear experience mild flu-like symptoms then disappear Many people have NO symptoms until years after exposure Many people have NO symptoms until years after exposure The only way to know is to get TESTED! The only way to know is to get TESTED!

25 Prevention  Abstinence  Know your partner  Limit your partners  Visit your doctor  Always look  Keep clean!  STD Hotline:

26 Remember: People who engage in premarital sex are nearly 50% more likely to divorce. People who engage in premarital sex are nearly 50% more likely to divorce. 3 million teens contract an STD each year – some of which have no cure, are a leading cause of cervical cancer or can even lead to infertility. 3 million teens contract an STD each year – some of which have no cure, are a leading cause of cervical cancer or can even lead to infertility.


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