Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sexually Transmitted Infections Health EducationMr. Sheldon
2 Viruses Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Herpes Hepatitis B Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)Not curable – can only treat the symptoms!
3 HPV Direct cause of cervical cancer Symptoms: warts or no symptoms Highly contagious with or without symptomsSpread through skin to skin contact, oral, vaginal, anal sexNot curable – possible for girls to be vaccinated before exposureCan be passed from mother to child at birthPrevention – no sexual contact. Condom has limited effectiveness
4 Herpes 1 in 5 Americans Simplex 1 – Mouth (cold sores) Simplex 2 – GenitalsTransmitted: skin to skin, mouth to genitals, touching sore then touching skinSymptoms: rash/blistersCan cause birth defects and passed mother to childTreatment: medication for outbreaksCondoms provide limited protection during outbreak.Possible to transmit virus even when not experiencing outbreak.
5 Hepatitis B Causes infection of the liver Transmitted through oral, anal, vaginal sexual contact, sharing needles, mother to child.Symptoms: Flu like, jaundice, or no symptoms.No cure for Hepatitis B – vaccine can be taken before exposure.
6 HIV/AIDS Causes weakening of the immune system. HIV is the virus. Blood count level determines when someone has AIDS.Present in Blood, Semen, Vaginal fluid, breast milk.Ways of transmission: Oral, anal, vaginal sex, sharing needles, mother to child
7 HIV Continued Signs & Symptoms No symptoms Average time between HIV infection & AIDS is 8-11 yearsOver time, HIV causes body to develop infections normally controlled by immune systemDiagnosed through blood testTreatment: No cure – drugs to allow people to live with HIV for longer periods of time.
8 BacterialGonorrheaSyphilisChlamydiaTreated with antibiotics.
9 Gonorrhea 40 Million infections in United States Grows in warm, moist places (uterus, fallopian tubes, urethra, throat, mouth)Symptoms: often noneWomen: burning sensation when urinating, dischargeMen: burning sensation when urinating, discharge, swollen testiclesPrevention: no physical contact with exposed person
10 Gonorrhea Causes infertility in both men and women Easier to catch HIV when infected with GonorrheaCan spread to blood system leading to death.Antibiotics used to treat, do not prevent future infections.
11 Syphilis Very few cases in US (less than 40,000) Passed by touching sores on infected person, sexual contactVery few symptoms: sores first (first 6 weeks), Skin rash, long term damage to heart, brain, eyes, liver.Treated very easily with antibioticsUntreated leads to death
12 Chlamydia Teenage girls have highest risk (not fully developed cervix) “silent disease” – most people have no symptoms.Symptoms:Women: abdominal pain, bleeding, nauseaMen: discharge, burning sensation when urinating
13 Chlamydia Causes infertility in women & men Transmitted through vaginal, anal and oral sex.Treated with antibioticsCondoms: reduce risk of transmission
14 ParasitesPubic LiceScabiesTreated with Shampoos/Lotions.
15 Pubic Lice – “Crabs”Tiny insects live in pubic hair – feed on human blood.3 million cases per year in U.S.Spread through physical contact & linensSymptoms: itching
16 Scabies Mite that burrows into skin Lays eggs under skin Symptoms: Intense itching, red bumps, crusty skinSpread through physical contact, sharing clothing, towels, bedding