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Breeds of Swine Created by: Tracey Hoffman Topic #3021 Source:

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1 Breeds of Swine Created by: Tracey Hoffman Topic #3021 Source: Http://www.agednet.com/subs/la111.htm

2 Introduction Agriculture, pigs and humans have coexisted through history Pigs that look alike and have been bred from common ancestors are recognized as breeds Purebreds are used in commercial production to generate crossbreds for parent stock or slaughter animals

3 8 Major Breeds in the United States 1. Bershire 2. Chester White 3. Duroc 4. Hampshire 5. Landrace 6. Poland China 7. Spotted Swine 8. Yorkshire

4 Berkshire Black with 6 white points –four feet –face & tip of tail Ears are erect High quality color and marbling Originated in Berkshire, England Foundation stock was red

5 Bershire http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/swine/

6 Chester White “Chesters” White breed with small drooping ears Named for Chester County, PA Combination of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Cumberland genetics

7 Duroc Large red breed w/ drooping ears Developed from Red Guinea, Bershires & Red Rock Known for genetic growth rate & high pork quality Used as terminal sires

8 Hampshire Black w/ white belt & upright ears Low amount of fat Used as terminal sire Slow growth rate

9 Landrace Long-bodied, lean, white pig w/ large. drooping ears Most commercial sows have Landrace Maternal genetics –milk production –wean large, heavy litters

10 Poland China Drooping ears Today considered too fat for commercial production Known for –Appetite –growth rate –muscling –hardiness http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/swine/

11 Spotted Swine Black w/ white spots White w/ black spots Small drooping ears Outdoor production –rugged “Spot” boars are aggressive breeders Considered too fat for commercial production

12 Yorkshires Long-bodied w/upright ears Most commonly used breed in world Known for maternal traits –farrow & wean large litter Most commercial sows contain Yorkshire “Large White”

13 Another breed: Pietrain Spotted w/ sm. drooping ears Heavy & lean muscled Use Pietrain or Pietrain crosbreds as terminal sires Meat is sometimes watery & pale HAL gene http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/swine/

14 Comments & Questions


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