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FP-5 T-44 Emergency Procedures Ver 1- 4/14/00 Emergency Procedures Introduction.

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Presentation on theme: "FP-5 T-44 Emergency Procedures Ver 1- 4/14/00 Emergency Procedures Introduction."— Presentation transcript:


2 FP-5 T-44 Emergency Procedures Ver 1- 4/14/00

3 Emergency Procedures Introduction

4 Ground Emergencies

5 Abnormal Start Emergency Engine Shutdown on Deck Loss of Brakes Hot Brakes Brake Fire Jammed Controls on Deck

6 Abnormal Start - 40 sec on, 60 sec off, 40 sec on, 60 sec off, 40 sec on, 30 min off - Keep hand on cond. lever during the start - Examples: -- hot start, no fuel flow, no ignition…

7 Emergency Engine Shutdown on Deck -Stop aircraft, if moving -Request assistance -Memory items -Egress considerations -Fire trucks, which exit, where to meet

8 Taxi Mishap RA-86564. This aircraft was involved in a ground collision with an Asiana B-747-400 DEC98. Note that the aircraft is still in Anchorage, and so is the Asiana winglet...

9 RA-86564

10 Loss of Brakes/ Hot Brakes - Have other pilot check his/her pedals - Directional control is key - Utilize prop reverse or beta to stop - Do not taxi - Check shuttle valve - Call for assistance - Use reverse and minimum breaking to stop - Request assistance - Cool w/ prop wash - Inspection req’d - Don’t set parking brakes

11 Brake Fire -Memory items -Stay clear, preferably aft to avoid possible explosion - Do NOT attempt to fight fire !!!

12 Jammed Controls on Deck - Check yaw damp/auto pilot off - Hold and call for inspection - Stop the plane

13 Takeoff Emergencies

14 Aborting Takeoff Engine Failure During Takeoff Engine Failure After Takeoff Tire Failure Abnormal Takeoffs

15 Aborting Takeoff - Memory items - Don’t forget to announce! - Directional control key - Single engine reversal, if necessary - Fuel chop if departing paved surface to avoid further engine/prop damage

16 Engine Failure During Takeoff - Abort the takeoff !!!

17 Engine Failure After Takeoff - Land, if possible - Memory items - Retarding power levers deactivates autofeather circuitry - Positive rate of climb impossible w/ windmilling prop


19 Tire Failure - Abort - Directional control key

20 Abnormal Takeoffs Consult NATOPS when applicable for: -Obstruction clearance -Soft field (not normally authorized) -Short field (not normally authorized)

21 In-Flight Emergencies

22 Engine Failure Emergency Shutdown Checklist Jammed Power Lever Airstarts Single-Engine Crossfeed

23 Engine Failure - Assymetric thrust/P-factor - Sufficient rudder trim to maintain level flight above 100 knots, below requires manual augment - Full flaps not recommended - IAW FTI: -- “Power up, Rudder up, Clean up” -- Memory Items -- Pass comms, declare emergency, address rest of engine shutdown checklist. - Do not attempt restart if attributable to MOVE0FF

24 Emergency Shutdown Checklist - Retarding power levers deactivates autofeathering circuitry - Smoke/Fumes may enter cockpit unless bleed air is secured - Don’t interrupt to do Landing Checklist - Be sure to fly the plane in between steps - Don’t fixate on the shutdown procedure

25 Engine shut down continued… - Continue checklist for engine shut down, time permitting - If time critical, consider steps 7&8 items reduce electrical load on remaining generator - Landing gear warning inop w/ pwr lever forward of 79 +/-2

26 Jammed Power Lever - Check for abnormal indications - Know the procedure !!! - Land as soon as practicable

27 Airstarts - Starter assisted (fully feathered) or windmilling (inadvertent shut down) - Determine cause prior to attempting restart -- MOVEOFF indications? - Monitor electrical load - When to preload for a starter assisted airstart

28 Single-Engine Crossfeed - When to use? -- Can’t make immediate landing… -- Fuel critical situation

29 In-Flight Emergencies (cont’d) In-Flight Fire Smoke/Fire of Unknown Origin Smoke & Fume Elimination Oil System Failure Fuel System Failure Fuel Leaks Fuel Siphoning Electrical System Failure Propeller Failure Pilot Emergency Static Air Source

30 In-Flight Fire - Assess, diagnose and take prompt action - Consideration should be given to discharging the Fire Bottle even if there are no secondaries !!!

31 Smoke/Fire of Unknown Origin - Goal is to eliminate sources of fumes or fire - Pausing between final steps may help isolate fire or fumes - Reference Note and Warning in NATOPS - Consider the weather…VMC or IMC

32 Smoke & Fume Elimination - If source of fire/smoke CAN be isolated

33 Oil System Failure - Pressure of 40 to 85 psi are undesirable - Pressure below 40 psi or temp above 99 requires shut down, unless power required. - Land as soon as possible

34 Fuel System Failure - Engine driven pump failure results in flameout - Following transfer pump failure, may need to alter flight plan - Following boost pump failure, determine need to conduct suction lift

35 Fuel Leaks - Determine if fuel leak requires shut down (fire source) - Is it a “Fuel Leak” or is it “Fuel Siphoning”

36 Fuel Leaks -FUEL SIPHONING: Extreme nose low attitudes will aggravate the fuel siphoning condition (airspeed 140 knots) - FUEL LEAK: Secure engine w/ condition lever and then the emergency shut down check list

37 Electrical System Failure - Although non-memory procedure, should be familiar enough w/procedures to accomplish expeditiously - Seek or maintain VMC conditions

38 Propeller Failure - Primary governor failure will result in over-speed or feathering - First step...Try and adjust prop !!! - Don’t shut down engine unless secondaries are present if propeller feathers properly - Prop linkage failure will maintain current RPM or increase to 2200 RPM - Alternate feathering is accomplished via Alt Fthr Checklist and autofeathering system

39 American Airlines Flight 1420

40 Pilot Emergency Static Air Source - Reference chapter 25 for gauge error - A/S and Alt will be approx. +5 KIAS / +50 feet in error on pilots side at approach speeds/altitudes

41 In-Flight Emergencies (cont’d) Electrothermal Propeller Deice Surface Deice Loss of Pressurization Explosive Decompression Emergency Descent Procedure Cabin Door Open Light Illuminated Autopilot Disengagement In-flight Damage

42 Electrothermal Propeller Deice Verify 14-18 amps (normal) 0 or 23 amps is unusable Imbalance requires manipulating prop levers to correct

43 Surface Deice Stall speeds will significantly increase w/ wing deice boots inflated If boots fail to deflate, pull the SUR DE-ICE circuit breaker

44 Loss of Pressurization Reference loss of pressurization check list

45 Explosive Decompression Memory items Don’t confuse fog w/ smoke Descent may not be req’d

46 Emergency Descent Procedure -Distance to cover determines configuration -If full flaps, need approx 15 deg nose down -Don’t exceed airframe limits

47 Cabin Door Open Light Illuminated Don’t attempt to check the door Ensure that all occupants are seated and belted Depressurize the cabin Land

48 Autopilot Disengagement At least one pilot shall monitor autopilot at all times There are numerous ways to disconnect or disengage the autopilot Electric trim will be disengaged if autopilot is disengaged

49 In-flight Damage Conduct a slow flight/controllability check

50 Landing Emergencies

51 Single Engine Landing Single-Engine Waveoff/Missed Approach Flap System Failure Landing Gear Emergencies Abnormal Landings Forced Landing - No Power Ditching Wind Shear

52 Single Engine Landing - Full flaps should be utilized only if req’d - Avoid excessive/abrupt power changes - Utilize single engine reverse as req’d - Power/Rudder coordination techniques - Airspeed: 110 KIAS is a MINIMUM until over the threshold per the FTI (may use 115-120 KIAS)

53 Single-Engine Waveoff/Missed Approach Aircraft control takes precedence over runway offset (aviate, navigate, communicate) Have the co-pilot make the waveoff call to twr 110 knots is optimum (102 knots minimum) Technique: 102 KIAS until ~200 AGL, then accelerate to 110 KIAS Retract the landing gear when rate of descent has stopped and no possibility of landing exists

54 Flap System Failure - No provisions exist for emergency flap operation - Wing flap motor circuit breaker may be pulled to prevent inadvertent flap movement - Visually check flap position before and after resetting handle - Effect of popped flap indicator CB ???

55 Korean Air 801 The aircraft was conducting a night-time approach to Guam Runway 06L. Because of the unavailability of the ILS glideslope system (due to upgrading of the system), a VOR/DME approach was flown. Flight 801 had descended 800ft below the prescribed altitude, struck the 709ft Nimitz Hill at a height of 650ft and crashed in a jungle valley, breaking up and bursting into flames. The aircraft ended up at a height of 560ft, 250m from the UNZ VORTAC (located on the top of Nimitz Hill).

56 Korean Air 801

57 Landing Gear Emergencies - Don’t cycle the gear handle until after referencing NATOPS due to complexity of malfunction - Deferred emergency - If in the pattern, go to the DELTA PATTERN

58 Abnormal Landings - If flat main tire, land on the opposite side of the runway - Consult NATOPS when applicable for: -- Soft field -- Short field

59 Wind Shear Required memory item !!! Can be found in NATOPS Chapter 16

60 Forced Landing - No Power - If unsure of landing surface, land gear up - Learn the recommended altitudes/configs - Why turn off BATT just prior to touchdown? -- Minimizes spark/fire potential - Reference figure 16-5 in NATOPS

61 Ditching - Dual engine failure scenarios must be chairflown extensively - Common mistake is forgetting to feather the props - Priorities in of precedence: -- wings level -- rate of descent -- heading and airspeed

62 Emergency Procedures Review

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