Tailwinds Flying Club Spring Safety Session - 2007 Engine Out @ Takeoff Lake Elmo Airport (21D)
Take-Off Accidents* Take-off accidents accounted for 18.4% (227) of all accidents for 2005. Single-Engine fixed-Gear Aircraft take-off accidents accounted for 15.3% (122). Of these, 13.2% (20) were fatal. The leading cause list found Takeoff/Climb to be number three in fatal accidents during 2005. * Based on the 2006 Nall Report - AOPA Air Safety Foundation.
Scenario Cherokee Six – PA32-300 – Maximum Takeoff Weight (lbs) – 3400 – Normal Take-Off Performance - Take-off Distance - 1,200 Ft. (69 KIAS, 10 Degree Flaps) – Best Rate of Climb Speed -89 KIAS – Best Angle of Climb Speed - 79 KIAS – Best Gliding Angle - 87 KIAS
Scenario Lake Elmo Airport (21D) – Rwy. 04/22 - 2497’ X 75’ Asphalt – Rwy. 14/32 - 2850’ X 75’ Asphalt – Field Elevation – 932 MSL
Scenario Conditions – Standard Temperature - 60 Degrees – Dew Point - 40 Degrees – No Wind – Clear Sky – Runway Dry
Scenario Cherokee Six Performance Landing Distance Over 50’ Barrier – 1050’ Landing Ground Roll (40 degree Flaps) – 675’ Glide Performance with no flaps, propeller windmilling, full decrease, airspeed 87 KIAS – From 500’ AGL -4,200’ – From 200’ AGL -1,200’
Cherokee Six Procedures Engine Power Loss During Takeoff The proper action to be taken if loss of power occurs during takeoff will depend on the circumstances of the particular situation. If sufficient runway remains to complete a normal landing, land straight ahead. If the area ahead is rough, or if it is necessary to clear obstructions, maintain a safe airspeed and maneuver gently to avoid obstacles, making only shallow turns if necessary. Use of flaps depends upon circumstances. Normally, flaps should be fully extended for touchdown. If sufficient altitude has been gained to attempt a restart, maintain a safe airspeed and switch the fuel selector to another tank containing fuel. Check the electric fuel pump to insure that it is “ON” and that the mixture is “RICH”. The alternate air should be “OPEN”. If engine failure was caused by fuel exhaustion, power will not be regained after switching fuel tanks until the empty fuel lines are filled. This may require up to ten seconds. If power is not regained proceed with the Power Off Landing procedure.
Cherokee Six Procedures - Power Off Landing If loss of power occurs at altitude, trim the aircraft for best gliding angle (87 KIAS) and look for a suitable field. If measures taken to restore power are not effective, and if time permits, check your charts for airports in the immediate vicinity; it may be possible to land at one if you have sufficient altitude. At best gliding angle, with the engine windmilling, and the propeller control in full “DECREASE” rpm, the aircraft will travel approximately 1.5 miles for each thousand feet of altitude. If possible, notify the FAA by radio of your difficulty and intentions. If another pilot or passenger is aboard, let him/her help. When you have located a suitable field, establish a spiral pattern around this field. Try to be at 1000 feet above the field at the downwind position, to make a normal landing approach. When the field can easily be reached, slow to 80 KIAS with flaps down for the shortest landing. Excess altitude may be lost by widening your pattern, using flaps or slipping, or a combination of these. When committed to landing, close the throttle control and shut “OFF” the master and ignition switches. Flaps may be used as desired. Turn the fuel selector valve to “OFF” and move the mixture to idle cut-off. The seat belts and shoulder harness should be tightened. Touchdown should be normally made at the lowest possible airspeed.