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Emergency Procedures Emergency Descent Why? Emergency Descent Uncontrollable Fire Sudden Loss of Cabin Pressurization Any other situation requiring.

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Presentation on theme: "Emergency Procedures Emergency Descent Why? Emergency Descent Uncontrollable Fire Sudden Loss of Cabin Pressurization Any other situation requiring."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Emergency Procedures

3 Emergency Descent Why?

4 Emergency Descent Uncontrollable Fire Sudden Loss of Cabin Pressurization Any other situation requiring immediate and rapid loss of altitude

5 Emergency Descent How?

6 Emergency Descent Reduce the throttle to idle Roll into a bank angle of approximately degrees Set propeller to low pitch ( High RPM)

7 Emergency Descent Extend landing gear and Flaps as recommended by the manufacturer Do not exceed V NE, V LE, V FE, or V A if turbulent

8 Emergency Approach & Landing Maintain your composure Fly the airplane Maintain your glide speed Adhere to the checklist Manage resources

9 Factors to consider Wind Surface conditions Gear Position

10 Emergency Approach & Landing Size of landing area Obstructions Key Position

11 How to Crash Very Carefully Ground Speed Stopping Distance Deceleration Forces 9G –50 mph 9.4 feet –100 mph 37.6 feet

12 Best Glide Speed Gear and Flaps retracted Propeller to low RPM (High Pitch) Pitch Trim

13 Best Glide Speed Checklist Any deviation from the best glide speed will reduce the distance you can glide

14 180 o Turn After Takeoff Standard rate turn takes 1 minute At 65 knots, radius of turn is 2100 feet. Upon completion of the turn you are 4,200 feet to one side of the runway

15 180 o Turn After Takeoff An additional turn of 45 o takes 15 seconds If you descend at 1,000 fpm total altitude loss will be feet.

16 In-Flight Fire Follow the POH Types

17 In-Flight Fire Follow the POH Types Cabin, Wing, Electrical, Engine Emergency Descent Slip away from the fire

18 Partial Power Loss Best Performance Airspeed ~ Best Glide Speed Causes

19 Partial Power Loss Air –Carburetor Ice –Induction Icing Fuel –Water –Contamination affecting flow

20 Partial Power Loss Spark –Plugs fowled, wire disconnected –Magneto Mechanical

21 Door Opening in Flight Fly the airplane Noise does not hurt Land the airplane Secure the door

22 Asymmetrical Flap Extension One flap works the other does not Rolling motion Hazardous if in the traffic pattern at low altitude

23 Asymmetrical Flap Extension Return the flaps to the up or previous position Go around if necessary

24 Emergencies ELT Diversion High Oil Temperature Exhaust Leak

25 Emergencies Engine Failure on Takeoff Severe Turbulence Spatial Disorientation Survival Equipment

26 The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is A. 30 minutes. B. 45 minutes. C. 60 minutes.

27 The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is A. 30 minutes. B. 45 minutes. C. 60 minutes.

28 In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG. B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed. C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

29 In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG. B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed. C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

30 When diverting to an alternate airport because of an emergency, pilots should

31 A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible. B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation. C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

32 A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible. B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation. C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

33 An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by A. a defective bearing. B. the oil level being too low. C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

34 An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by A. a defective bearing. B. the oil level being too low. C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

35 Frequent inspections should be made of aircraft exhaust manifold-type heating systems to minimize the possibility of

36 A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater. B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit. C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

37 A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater. B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit. C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

38 A pilot's most immediate and vital concern in the event of complete engine failure after becoming airborne on takeoff is

39 A. maintaining a safe airspeed. B. landing directly into the wind. C. turning back to the takeoff field.

40 A. maintaining a safe airspeed. B. landing directly into the wind. C. turning back to the takeoff field.

41 If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to A. minimum control speed. B. maximum structural cruising speed. C. design-maneuvering speed.

42 If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to A. minimum control speed. B. maximum structural cruising speed. C. design-maneuvering speed.

43 To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should A. increase the breathing rate. B. rely on body sensations. C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

44 To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should A. increase the breathing rate. B. rely on body sensations. C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

45 Bonanza F33A Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs) Emergency Descent Maximum Glide Range Emergency Landing Approach

46 Bonanza F33A Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs) Emergency Descent154 Maximum Glide Range105 Emergency Landing Approach 83

47 Emergency Descent Power Propeller Landing Gear Airspeed

48 Emergency Descent PowerIdle PropellerHigh RPM Landing GearDown AirspeedEstablish 154 KTS

49 Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll Throttle Braking Fuel Selector Battery and Alternator Switches

50 Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll Throttle Closed Braking Maximum Fuel Selector Off Battery and Off Alternator Switches

51 Engine Failure - In Flight Fuel Selector Valve Auxiliary Fuel Pump Mixture Magnetos

52 Engine Failure - In Flight Fuel Selector Valve Select Other Tank Auxiliary Fuel PumpON MixtureFull Rich, then Lean as Required MagnetosCheck Left, Right, then Both ON

53 Maximum Glide Configuration Landing Gear Flaps Cowl Flaps Propeller Airspeed

54 Maximum Glide Configuration Landing GearUP FlapsUP Cowl FlapsClosed PropellerPull for Low RPM Airspeed105 KTS

55 Landing Without Power Airspeed Fuel Selector Valve Mixture Magneto/Start Switch

56 Landing Without Power Flaps Landing Gear Battery and Alternator Switches

57 Landing Without Power Airspeed78 to 83 KTS Fuel Selector ValveOFF MixtureIdle Cut-off Magneto/Start SwitchOff

58 Landing Without Power FlapsAs Required Landing GearDown or UP(terrain) Battery andOFF Alternator Switches

59 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power Throttle Mixture Battery, Alternator, and Magneto/Start Switches

60 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power Keep wings level during touchdown Get Clear of Airplane as soon as possible after it stops

61 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power ThrottleClosed MixtureIdle Cut- off Battery, Alternator, OFF and Magneto/ Start Switches

62 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power Keep wings level during touchdown Get Clear of Airplane as soon as possible after it stops

63 Propeller Overspeed Throttle Airspeed Oil Pressure Land

64 Propeller Overspeed ThrottleRetard to Red Line AirspeedReduce Oil PressureCheck LandSelect Nearest Suitable Site and follow Landing Emergency procedures

65 Landing Gear Manual Extension LDG GR Motor Circuit Breaker Landing Gear Switch Handle Handcrank Handle Cover Handcrank

66 Landing Gear Manual Extension If electrical system is inoperative, check landing gear position lights and warning horn Handcrank

67 Landing Gear Manual Extension LDG GR Motor Circuit Breaker Off (out) Landing Gear Switch HandleDown Handcrank Handle CoverRemove HandcrankEngage and turn counterclockwise as Far as Possible (50 turns) If electrical system is operative, check landing gear position lights and warning horn Handcrank Disengage

68 Spins

69 Prohibited


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