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Emergency Procedures.

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Presentation on theme: "Emergency Procedures."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emergency Procedures

2 Emergency Descent Why?

3 Emergency Descent Uncontrollable Fire
Sudden Loss of Cabin Pressurization Any other situation requiring immediate and rapid loss of altitude

4 Emergency Descent How?

5 Emergency Descent Reduce the throttle to idle
Roll into a bank angle of approximately degrees Set propeller to low pitch ( High RPM)

6 Emergency Descent Extend landing gear and Flaps as recommended by the manufacturer Do not exceed VNE, VLE, VFE, or VA if turbulent

7 Emergency Approach & Landing
Maintain your composure Fly the airplane Maintain your glide speed Adhere to the checklist Manage resources

8 Emergency Approach & Landing
Factors to consider Wind Surface conditions Gear Position

9 Emergency Approach & Landing
Size of landing area Obstructions Key Position

10 How to Crash Very Carefully Ground Speed Stopping Distance
Deceleration Forces 9G 50 mph 9.4 feet 100 mph 37.6 feet

11 Best Glide Speed Gear and Flaps retracted
Propeller to low RPM (High Pitch) Pitch Trim

12 Best Glide Speed Checklist
Any deviation from the best glide speed will reduce the distance you can glide

13 180o Turn After Takeoff Standard rate turn takes 1 minute
At 65 knots, radius of turn is 2100 feet. Upon completion of the turn you are 4,200 feet to one side of the runway

14 180o Turn After Takeoff An additional turn of 45o takes 15 seconds
If you descend at 1,000 fpm total altitude loss will be feet.

15 In-Flight Fire Follow the POH Types

16 In-Flight Fire Follow the POH Types Cabin, Wing, Electrical, Engine
Emergency Descent Slip away from the fire

17 Partial Power Loss Best Performance Airspeed ~ Best Glide Speed Causes

18 Partial Power Loss Air Fuel Carburetor Ice Induction Icing Water
Contamination affecting flow

19 Partial Power Loss Spark Plugs fowled, wire disconnected Magneto
Mechanical

20 Door Opening in Flight Fly the airplane Noise does not hurt
Land the airplane Secure the door

21 Asymmetrical Flap Extension
One flap works the other does not Rolling motion Hazardous if in the traffic pattern at low altitude

22 Asymmetrical Flap Extension
Return the flaps to the up or previous position Go around if necessary

23 Emergencies ELT Diversion High Oil Temperature Exhaust Leak

24 Emergencies Engine Failure on Takeoff Severe Turbulence
Spatial Disorientation Survival Equipment

25 The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is A minutes. B minutes. C minutes.

26 The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is A minutes. B minutes. C minutes.

27 In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the
A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG. B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed. C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

28 In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the
A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG. B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed. C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

29 When diverting to an alternate airport because of an emergency, pilots should

30 A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible. B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation. C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

31 A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible. B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation. C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

32 An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by
A. a defective bearing. B. the oil level being too low. C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

33 An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by
A. a defective bearing. B. the oil level being too low. C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

34 Frequent inspections should be made of aircraft exhaust manifold-type heating systems to minimize the possibility of

35 A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater.
B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit. C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

36 A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater.
B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit. C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

37 A pilot's most immediate and vital concern in the event of complete engine failure after becoming airborne on takeoff is

38 A. maintaining a safe airspeed.
B. landing directly into the wind. C. turning back to the takeoff field.

39 A. maintaining a safe airspeed.
B. landing directly into the wind. C. turning back to the takeoff field.

40 If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to
A. minimum control speed. B. maximum structural cruising speed. C. design-maneuvering speed.

41 If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to
A. minimum control speed. B. maximum structural cruising speed. C. design-maneuvering speed.

42 To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should
A. increase the breathing rate. B. rely on body sensations. C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

43 To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should
A. increase the breathing rate. B. rely on body sensations. C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

44 Bonanza F33A Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs) Emergency Descent
Maximum Glide Range Emergency Landing Approach

45 Bonanza F33A Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs) Emergency Descent 154
Maximum Glide Range 105 Emergency Landing Approach 83

46 Emergency Descent Power Propeller Landing Gear Airspeed

47 Emergency Descent Power Idle Propeller High RPM Landing Gear Down
Airspeed Establish 154 KTS

48 Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll
Throttle Braking Fuel Selector Battery and Alternator Switches

49 Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll
Throttle Closed Braking Maximum Fuel Selector Off Battery and Off Alternator Switches

50 Engine Failure - In Flight
Fuel Selector Valve Auxiliary Fuel Pump Mixture Magnetos

51 Engine Failure - In Flight
Fuel Selector Valve Select Other Tank Auxiliary Fuel Pump ON Mixture Full Rich, then Lean as Required Magnetos Check Left, Right, then Both ON

52 Maximum Glide Configuration
Landing Gear Flaps Cowl Flaps Propeller Airspeed

53 Maximum Glide Configuration
Landing Gear UP Flaps UP Cowl Flaps Closed Propeller Pull for Low RPM Airspeed KTS

54 Landing Without Power Airspeed Fuel Selector Valve Mixture
Magneto/Start Switch

55 Landing Without Power Flaps Landing Gear
Battery and Alternator Switches

56 Landing Without Power Airspeed 78 to 83 KTS Fuel Selector Valve OFF
Mixture Idle Cut-off Magneto/Start Switch Off

57 Landing Without Power Flaps As Required
Landing Gear Down or UP(terrain) Battery and OFF Alternator Switches

58 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
Throttle Mixture Battery, Alternator, and Magneto/Start Switches

59 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
Keep wings level during touchdown Get Clear of Airplane as soon as possible after it stops

60 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
Throttle Closed Mixture Idle Cut off Battery, Alternator, OFF and Magneto/ Start Switches

61 Landing Gear Retracted w/Power
Keep wings level during touchdown Get Clear of Airplane as soon as possible after it stops

62 Propeller Overspeed Throttle Airspeed Oil Pressure Land

63 Propeller Overspeed Throttle Retard to Red Line Airspeed Reduce
Oil Pressure Check Land Select Nearest Suitable Site and follow Landing Emergency procedures

64 Landing Gear Manual Extension
LDG GR Motor Circuit Breaker Landing Gear Switch Handle Handcrank Handle Cover Handcrank

65 Landing Gear Manual Extension
If electrical system is inoperative, check landing gear position lights and warning horn Handcrank

66 Landing Gear Manual Extension
LDG GR Motor Circuit Breaker Off (out) Landing Gear Switch Handle Down Handcrank Handle Cover Remove Handcrank Engage and turn counterclockwise as Far as Possible (50 turns) If electrical system is operative, check landing gear position lights and warning horn Handcrank Disengage

67 Spins

68 Spins Prohibited


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