What was the purpose of the Albany Plan of Union?
To unite the colonies to plan for defense. It didn’t work because colonies didn’t want to give up any power.
Why didn’t colonies pass the Albany Plan of Union?
Colonies did not want to give up their own rights and power. This will still be true in the American Revolution and will cause problems then.
What was the war called when Pontiac united many Native Americans to fight against the settlers moving onto the frontier in the early 1760’s?
It was called Pontiac’s War. It ended in 1763 right after the Treaty of Paris when Pontiac realized his group would no longer receive help from the French.
What act forbid settlers to move west of the Appalachian Mountains?
The Proclamation of 1763 forbid settlers to move west of the Appalachian Mountains. Many settlers ignored this proclamation. Britain was trying to stop settler / Native American conflicts over land.
What act, passed in 1765, placed taxes on legal documents such as wills, diplomas, marriage papers, newspapers, playing cards and even dice?
What was the colonists reaction to the Stamp Act?
Riots broke out in cities like New York. Mobs harassed British tax officials by throwing rocks and tarring and feathering them. They hanged or burned effigies of the British officials.
A huge complaint the colonists had was that of “No taxation without representation!” What did this mean?
“No taxation without representation” arose because the colonists did not elect anybody to the British Parliament. The colonists claimed that Parliament could not tax them because they were represented in Parliament.
Repeal means to cancel. The Stamp Act was repealed after the colonial boycott.
In 1767 the Townshend Acts were passed. What did the Townshend Acts tax?
The Townshend Acts taxed glass, paint, lead, paper and tea. These were very important colonial goods.
What was the colonists reaction to the Townshend Acts?
The colonists responded to the Townshend Acts by getting merchants to sign nonimportation agreements. Nonimportation agreements said that these people would stop importing British goods that were taxed by the Townshend Acts.
The Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty were also formed. These were groups of men (and women) who protested British actions.
Writs of assistance were another thing established under the Townshend Acts. What were writs of assistance?
Writs of assistance allowed a customs officer to search a ship without giving a reason. Writs of assistance were often used by the British to harass Sons of Liberty and other people thought to be against the British actions.
This person was a failure on business. He lived in Boston where he was a leader of the Sons of Liberty. He organized the committees of correspondence. Who was he?
The Quartering Act was passed in 1767. What did the Quartering Act say?
The Quartering Act said that colonists had to house and feed British soldiers.
The Boston Massacre happened on March 5, 1770. What was the Boston Massacre?
In the Boston Massacre, British soldiers shot and killed 5 colonists. They were mostly Sons of Liberty. The colonists provoked the British into firing. The Sons of Liberty used this event to get people mad at the British.
Britain repealed much of the Townshend Acts in 1770. It did keep the tax on tea. This small tax was designed to show the colonists that Parliament did have the right to tax the colonies.
Parliament gave the British East India a monopoly of the tea trade with the Tea Act in 1773. This put many colonial merchants out of work. It was a very small tax but the colonists believed in “no taxation without representation.” What did this lead to?
The Tea Act led to the Boston Tea Party. 342 crates of tea were dumped into Boston harbor. There were similar responses in several other locations. Colonists throughout the colonies agreed to boycott tea, often making their own substitutes.
Britain was not happy with the Boston Tea Party. It responded with the Intolerable Acts which were designed to punish the colonists of Massachusetts. What were the Intolerable Acts?
The Intolerable Acts shut down the port of Boston. Ships could not come into or leave the port which made it very difficult for the citizens of Boston to get supplies. Other colonies sent supplies by land.
A new Quartering Act was also passed. This made colonists who weren’t too happy with the British house British soldiers. This raised tensions in Boston. Town meetings were also limited to 1 a year. This was designed to keep the people of Massachusetts from organizing against the British.
The Intolerable Acts also said that British officials would be sent back to British to stand trial if they committed a crime. It was widely believed that these people would face no punishment in England since witnesses could not afford to go to Britain to testify.
How did the colonists react to the Intolerable Acts?
The committees of correspondence sent supplies to help Boston. The First Continental Congress also met in Philadelphia in 1774. What was the first Continental Congress?
The First Continental Congress was a meeting of 12 of the colonies. It agreed to boycott British goods. Each colony was urged to set up its own militia or volunteer army.
This referred to the Battle of Lexington and Concord. Colonial minutemen (soldiers who could be ready at a moments notice) stood up to the British. Why did this battle take place?
The British were trying to destroy guns and ammunition at Concord and capture leaders of the Sons of Liberty. The British were unsuccessful and were attacked on the way back to Boston, being defeated by the Minutemen.
It was called the “Shot Heard ‘Round the World” because news of this battle spread to all corners of the Earth.
Who was the great speaker for Virginia? He had a fiery temper and was a member of the House of Burgesses.
Patrick Henry. He was known for saying “Give me liberty, or give me death!”
Who was the women who wrote plays mocking the British?