Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5.2. Describe how Britain tried to ease tensions on the American frontier List the ways colonist reacted to new taxes imposed by Parliament."— Presentation transcript:
Describe how Britain tried to ease tensions on the American frontier List the ways colonist reacted to new taxes imposed by Parliament Identify new colonial leaders Explain the event that led to the Boston Massacre
Westward expansion and clashes with the Native Americans Amherst raised the price of goods traded with Native Americans Allowed settlers to build forts and lands War broke out (Pontiac’s War, 1763), British outposts attacked, war ended because of lack of French help
Proclamation drew an imaginary line along the crest of the Appalachian Mountains Colonist were forbidden to settle west of the line Meant to protect the Native Americans Angered the colonists, most ignored the proclamation and moved west.
Hannover King Believed he was royal sovereign who ruled all of Britannia Would use army and navy to restore order in the colonies Believed he could tax as he thought
Used to pay back British for French and Indian War Sugar Act (1764): Tax on Molasses Smuggling Stamp Act: Duty on all legal documents, almanacs, playing cards, and dice
Rooted in Magna Carta No problem with paying taxes as long as approved by colonial legislature United all delegates Petition written, rejecting the Stamp Act No Taxation without Representation!!!
May 1767, Townshend Act taxed goods such as paper, glass, paint, lead and tea Tax was low, but it was Colonist argued that it was the principle about taxation without representation Writs of assistance – officers searched without giving reason
Stop importing British goods Colonists form the Son’s of Liberty organization Mock hanging staged Daughters of Liberty boycotted British cloth Boycott British goods
Massachusetts- Samuel Adams Organized people to protest Worked behind scenes Today’s political activist Failed in business and poor speaker John Adams (Sam’s cousin) Skilled Lawyer Gifted Speaker Cautious, but often difficult
New Leaders (Cont) Virginia- George Washington speaks at House of Burgesses against Townshend Act Patrick Henry- Lawyer Critic of British Policy Give me Liberty or Give me Death! It this be treason, make the most of it! Words, moved a young law student named Thomas Jefferson
British send troops to major cities, Boston and New York over the Quartering Act Quartering Act = colonist provide housing, bedding, candles and beverages to soldiers British soldiers a reminder to colonist that they were being bullied
March 5, 1770 crowd grows in front of Custom House Crowd throws snowballs at British soldiers Soldiers shoot into crowd Five people died Paul Revere and Sam Adams provoke more protests
Repeal of the Townshend Act passes through Parliament Harmed British merchants Quartering Act repealed King George keeps Tea Act Causes colonist to think more about the