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Crisis in the Colonies Chapter 5 U.S. History. European Rivals in North America France posed the most serious threat to English colonies The French were.

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Presentation on theme: "Crisis in the Colonies Chapter 5 U.S. History. European Rivals in North America France posed the most serious threat to English colonies The French were."— Presentation transcript:

1 Crisis in the Colonies Chapter 5 U.S. History

2 European Rivals in North America France posed the most serious threat to English colonies The French were determined to halt westward expansion by the English

3 European Rivals in North America The Ohio River Valley linked French settlements in Canada and along the Mississippi River. Ohio river marked the western border of British-controlled lands

4 French and Indian War Both the French and English sought Native American allies French alliance with the Iroquois nation led to early British defeats

5 French and Indian War William Pitt’s strategy for winning Britain's war with France was to use Britain’s best generals in North America.

6 French and Indian War British troops were able to surprise the French at Quebec by climbing a steep cliff at night The capture of Quebec by the British led to the fall of New France

7 Treaty of Paris After the Treaty of Paris, Britain and Spain controlled most of the land in North America Quebec Act established protection for rights of French Catholics

8 Proclamation of 1763 The Proclamation of 1763 was signed to avoid conflicts with Native Americans in the Ohio Valley Proclamation Line of 1763 was designed to protect Native American lands

9 Turmoil Over Taxation Parliament approved colonial taxes to help pay for the costs of the French and Indian War. Stamp Act imposed duties (taxes) on legal documents

10 Turmoil Over Taxation Parliament then passed the Townshend Acts, which taxed goods such as paper, paint, glass, and lead

11 Turmoil Over Taxation Sons and Daughters of Liberty formed to protest taxes Mercy Otis Warren and Abigail Adams organized resistance to British taxes through their writings

12 Turmoil Over Taxation New colonial leaders emerged as tensions with Britain grew: Samuel Adams John Adams Patrick Henry

13 Boston Massacre British troops were sent to Boston to protect customs officials Crowds threw objects at soldiers Troops shot into the crowd, killing five

14 Boston Massacre In response to the shootings, Samuel Adams wrote letters to other colonies to build outrage Letter-writing campaigns became the committees of correspondence to report of events in Massachusetts

15 Boston Massacre British troops were given a fair trial in a colonial court

16 From Protest to Revolution Colonists protested the Tea Act by boycotting British tea Boston Tea Party: “Boston harbor is a teapot tonight! The Mohawks are come!” Colonists destroyed British property

17 Parliament Strikes Back In retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed laws punishing Massachusetts Colonists called these laws the Intolerable Acts because they were so harsh

18 Intolerable Acts Laws placed limits on colonists’ rights to call town meetings. Parliament shut down the port of Boston British soldiers were housed in colonists’ homes

19 Lexington and Concord British troops tried to seize colonists’ arms and ammunition Colonial militia drove the troops back to Boston

20 Lexington and Concord Battles signaled the start of the American Revolution

21 Good Luck on Your Test!


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