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Escalation to Revolution British Actions & Colonial Reactions.

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Presentation on theme: "Escalation to Revolution British Actions & Colonial Reactions."— Presentation transcript:

1 Escalation to Revolution British Actions & Colonial Reactions

2 British Actions Sugar Act -1764- tax on sugar was technically lowered, but smuggling and bribes (how colonists had gotten around the tax) were ended. People actually paid more taxes Stamp Act -1765- tax on all legal documents (wills, diplomas, marriage papers) as well as newspapers, almanacs, calendars, cards, and dice.


4 Colonial Actions Stamp Act Congress -October 1765- colonists send petitions declaring acts unjust - establish a boycott (refusal to buy goods). Cries of: NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!


6 British Actions Parliament repeals (takes back) the Stamp Act because trade decreased. Parliament passes the Declaratory Act: -Britain has the right to raise taxes and make laws no matter what.

7 British Actions Townshend Acts -May 1767- tax on goods like glass, paper, silk, lead, and tea (low taxes, but colonists still object on principle) -customs officials sent to prevent smuggling -given writs of assistance to do so writ of assistance - a legal document allowing customs officers to inspect a ship without a reason

8 Colonial Actions Sons of Liberty- formed during Stamp Act protests by Samuel Adams -came up with ways to protest taxes and acts (fake hangings of straw men dressed like tax collectors) Daughters of Liberty- pledged to wear dresses of homespun cloth. -boycotted than English fabric Nonimportation Acts- (not actually a law) -colonists agreed to stop importing goods taxed by the Townshend Acts.

9 British Actions Quartering Act- law that said colonists had to pay for the housing of British soldiers. Boston Massacre- March 5, 1770- crowd gathered outside a Boston Customs house -taunted guards and threw snowballs & oyster shells -guards told the crowd to go home -guards panicked and fired into the crowd -five people were killed - The first man killed was named: Crispus Attucks

10 Propaganda?


12 How does this image look different?

13 Colonial Actions Committee of Correspondance- in response to the "massacre" Samuel Adams set up: -an organization to spread alarm and news anytime the British acted unjustly around the colonies - Adams also named the event the "Boston Massacre" -Meanwhile, John Adams served as the lawyer defending the British Soldiers who fired on the crowd.

14 British Actions On the same day as the "Massacre" British Parliament was meeting to: -repealed all taxes except for some on tea. -For a little while, colonists were pleased and ended their boycotts. Three years of general calm followed... until

15 British Actions Tea Act -1773- Parliament passed the Tea Act to help the financially troubled British East India Company -The act would have actually LOWERED the price of tea for colonists. -The act let the British East India Company sell: Directly to the customer instead of only to American tea merchants.

16 Colonial Actions The idea behind the Tea Act backfired on the British: -Colonists were upset because many colonial merchants would lose their jobs. -Many ships carrying tea were sent back to England or not allowed to unload their cargo -Three ships remained docked outside of Boston Harbor with the tea still onboard...

17 Boston Tea Party - December 16, 1773 - Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty demanded that the three ships with the tea be sent back to England - The Governor said the ships would stay -50 colonists dressed up as Mohawk Native Americans and dumped the tea overboard -They were very careful that they only damaged property, not the ships and they did not hurt anyone Colonial Actions

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19 British Actions The Intolerable Acts -1774- designed to punish the colonists for the Boston Tea Party. 1) Port of Boston shut down 2) Town meetings limited to: one time a year 3) British officials who committed major crimes in the colonies would be: tried in Britain 4) New Quartering Act - colonists could be forced to house troops in their homes.

20 British Actions Quebec Act - set up a Canadian government -protected rights of French Catholics -gave them lands between the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. (Land banned to English colonists by the Proclamation of 1763)

21 Colonial Actions First Continental Congress -September 1774- representatives from all of the colonies except Georgia met to discuss how to deal with Britain. 1) Backed Massachusetts by: boycotting British goods 2) Set up militia in each colony 3) Agreed to meet again in one year

22 Eventually... WAR Le xington and Concord!!

23 Attachments

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