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THE WORLDS OF NORTH AND SOUTH Geography, Transportation, Economy, Society.

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Presentation on theme: "THE WORLDS OF NORTH AND SOUTH Geography, Transportation, Economy, Society."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE WORLDS OF NORTH AND SOUTH Geography, Transportation, Economy, Society

2 Similarities  Northerners and southerners shared the same language, and worshipped in the same kinds of churches  Shared a fierce pride in their country and their faith in democracy

3 Differences  Outlook and attitude of northerners and southerners on many things very different  During the 1800s differences led to conflicting views on many issues  At times it seemed they were living in two separate worlds

4 Geography North  Four distinct seasons  Shorter growing season  New England coast perfect for harbors  Thick forests, winding rivers  Areas of fertile farmland South  Mild winters, long growing season  Coastal plains with fertile lowlands-good for growing rice, fishing  Pine forests for lumber  Broad, flat rivers, fertile farmland

5 Economy North  Industrial Revolution- economy based on manufacturing  Textile factories  Steam engines  Steam powered machinery  Factory workers South  Economy based on agriculture  Small farms  Plantations used slaves to raise cash crops, especially cotton

6 Transportation North  National Road across Appalachian mtns.  Steamboats and clipper ships (fast)  Erie Canal  20,000 miles of railroads South  Steam powered river boats  Cotton shipped down the rivers  Mississippi River mightiest southern river  10,000 miles of railroads

7 Society North  Growing number of people lived in cities  Small family farms  African Americans were free but not equal  Immigrants from Ireland and Germany South  Rich planters lived in large mansions  Most white southerners owned some land but only 1 in 4 owned even 1slave  Small number of free blacks who worked as craftspeople, servants, laborers  Majority of African Americans were slaves

8 Summary: Geography was the primary reason northerners and southerners developed differently  North-variety of trades and businesses  Industrial Revolution led to the development of factories and mills  Increasing number of people went to work as wage earners  Improvement in transportation made it easier for northerners to travel and ship goods  South-depended primarily on agriculture  Minority of white southerners owned slaves but much of the South’s economy depended on slave labor  People continued to travel by river and rail lines were few  Society divided into ranks- wealthy enjoyed great influence and power, even poorest whites ranked above African Americans, whether free or slave

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