Presentation on theme: "THREE COLONIAL REGIONS Geographical Characteristics Make a Difference"— Presentation transcript:
1 THREE COLONIAL REGIONS Geographical Characteristics Make a Difference Essential Question: What influence did the environment have on the economy and settlement of each colonial region?
2 The 13 Colonies were grouped into 3 Distinct Geographic Regions Remember a region is defined as a large area of land having similar geographic, political, or cultural characteristics that distinguish it from other areas.The 3 Colonial Regions are divided into:Northern Colonies, Mid-Atlantic Colonies, and the Southern ColoniesEach of these regions have distinct physical characteristics and unique natural resources.These physical characteristics and natural resources will influence the way the colonies develop over time.Economically, Politically, and Culturally
3 Northern Colonies or New England: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island Not known for good farmland – farms small, mainly provide for individual familiesHarbors throughout the region – good for European tradeGood region for fishing, shipbuilding, lumbering, and fur tradingAlso traded goods with EuropeSmall towns were the centers of local governmentSettled by religious reformers and separatistsReligious Freedoms were essentialSkilled craftsman (shipbuilding)Growth of cities and known for education
4 Mid-Atlantic Colonies: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware Area excellent for farming and had natural harbors for trade with EuropeGood mix of farming, trading and skilled workersFarmers grew grain and raised livestockSettled by people from many different backgrounds and life styles
5 Southern Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia Grew their own food but also known for CASH CROPS-Tobacco, Rice, and IndigoPrimarily agriculturalSettled by people seeking economic resources to provide material wealth for England and themselvesPlantations (large farms) vs. small farms of Northern ColoniesWorked by indentured servants and SlavesKept people living far apart – prevents growth of townsContributes to more independent, rural attitudesMain business was trade with England – dependent on EnglandDuring Revolution more likely to side with England
6 Quick Comparison of Three Colonial Regions Northern Colonies:Economy based on skilled laborEnvironment ideal for water powered mills – finished goods like woven cloth and metal toolsPeople heavily connected to church and village communityMiddle ColoniesGood soil & moderate weather – small to large farmsCoastal lowlands and many baysGood trading opportunitiesSouthern ColoniesGreat soil, longer growing season – cash cropsPlantations – self sufficient – less towns & citiesWealthy aristocrats & slave labor – divide socially and economicallyLife rugged and rural – leads to great independence