Presentation on theme: "Past Simple. USE OF THE PAST SIMPLE We use the past simple to describe finished actions or situations in the past."— Presentation transcript:
USE OF THE PAST SIMPLE We use the past simple to describe finished actions or situations in the past.
FORM OF THE PAST SIMPLE Regular Verbs We add –ed in all persons. talk-talked play-played We have to study them as they have special forms in the past. eat-ate speak-spoke have-had Irregular Verbs
AFFIRMATIVE I played You played He/she/it played We played You played They played I ate You ate He/she/it ate We ate You ate They ate
NEGATIVE I did not (didn’t) play You did not (didn’t) play He/she/it did not (didn’t) play We did not (didn’t) play You did not (didn’t) play They did not (didn’t) play I did not (didn’t) eat You did not (didn’t) eat He/she/it did not (didn’t) eat We did not (didn’t) eat You did not (didn’t) eat They did not (didn’t) eat In the negative form we use did not or didn’t and the verb in the present form.
INTERROGATIVE Did I play? Did you play? Did he/she/it play? Did we play? Did you play? Did they play? In the interrogative form we use did and the question mark at the end ? and again the verb in the present form. Did I eat? Did you eat? Did he/she/it eat? Did we eat? Did you eat? Did they eat?
SHORT ANSWERS Did you play? Yes, I did/ No, I didn’t Did she eat? Yes, she did/ No, she didn’t Did they study? Yes, they did/ No, they didn’t
SPELLING RULES with the Regular Verbs Regular verb with one syllable, with a single vowel and ending in a single consonant, double the final consonant: stop - stopped rob - robbed However regular verbs ending in a vowel + -y, add ed: Play – played stay -stayed Regular verbs ending in a consonant + -y, change the –y into i and add ed: Study – studied cry -cried Regular verbs ending in –e, add d only: like – liked arrive - arrived
PRONUNCIATION OF THE -ED in the Regular Verbs We pronounce: /id/ when the verb ends in –t, -d or in the sound /t/ or /d/ exist-existed attend-attended decide–decided hate–hated invite–invited rent-rented shout-shouted In the other cases we pronounce:/t/ or /d/ and it doesn’t matter if you pronounce /t/ or /d/:: clean- cleaned close- closed dance–danced like–liked live–lived love-loved play-played