2USE OF THE PAST SIMPLEWe use the past simple to describe finished actions or situations in the past.
3FORM OF THE PAST SIMPLE Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs We have to study them as they have special forms in the past.eat-atespeak-spokehave-hadWe add –ed in all persons.talk-talkedplay-played
4AFFIRMATIVE I played I ate You played You ate He/she/it played We playedThey playedI ateYou ateHe/she/it ateWe ateThey ate
5NEGATIVEIn the negative form we use did not or didn’t and the verb in the present form.I did not (didn’t) playYou did not (didn’t) playHe/she/it did not (didn’t) playWe did not (didn’t) playThey did not (didn’t) playI did not (didn’t) eatYou did not (didn’t) eatHe/she/it did not (didn’t) eatWe did not (didn’t) eatThey did not (didn’t) eat
6INTERROGATIVE Did I play? Did I eat? Did you play? Did you eat? In the interrogative form we use did and the question mark at the end ? and again the verb in the present form.Did I play?Did you play?Did he/she/it play?Did we play?Did they play?Did I eat?Did you eat?Did he/she/it eat?Did we eat?Did they eat?
7SHORT ANSWERS Did you play? Yes, I did/ No, I didn’t Did she eat? Yes, she did/ No, she didn’tDid they study?Yes, they did/ No, they didn’t
8SPELLING RULES with the Regular Verbs Regular verbs ending in –e, add d only:like – liked arrive - arrivedRegular verb with one syllable, with a single vowel and ending in a single consonant, double the final consonant:stop - stopped rob - robbedRegular verbs ending in a consonant + -y, change the –y into i and add ed:Study – studied cry -criedHowever regular verbs ending in a vowel + -y, add ed:Play – played stay -stayed
9PRONUNCIATION OF THE -ED in the Regular Verbs We pronounce: /id/ when the verb ends in –t, -d or in the sound /t/ or /d/exist-existed attend-attended decide–decidedhate–hated invite–invited rent-rented shout-shoutedIn the other cases we pronounce:/t/ or /d/ and it doesn’t matter if you pronounce /t/ or /d/::clean- cleaned close- closed dance–dancedlike–liked live–lived love-loved play-played