2How do we form the simple past tense . . .? English has two types of verbs in the past tense:taughtwalkedstudiedgavebecamecriedliveddidirregularregularRegular verbsIrregular verbsregularirregularirregularLook at the following list of past tense verbs…which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?regularregularirregular
3Regular verbs are verbs that …. …end with –edSimple Form Past TenseWalkStudyCryLivewalkedstudiedcriedlived
4Irregular verbs are verbs that . . . . …DON’T end with –edsome irregular verbsHave a vowel change in the past tense:Simple Form Past Tensebecome becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgotExamples
5other irregular verbs Have a different kind of change: Examples:Simple Pastteach taughtbring broughtLeave leftHear heardBuy boughtCelia bought a new computer last weekend.
6And some irregular verbs don’t change at all . . . examples:Simple Pasthit hitput putset setThe children set the table every Sunday.The children set the table last night.
7**Be careful with spelling changes! For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence.When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.playedlivedstudied**Be careful with spelling changes!
8Unfortunately, these forms must be memorized! For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences.Unfortunately, these forms must be memorized!Last week, I ___________ you a letter.The students _____________ a speech in English. They __________ a great job!sentgavedid
9For negative sentences,USE DiD Notverb,simpleform+orI went to work yesterday.Carl didn’t go to work because he was sick.didn't
10The verb be is special. Was not + or were Exception = VERB BE! Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:Wasnot+orwere
11Meaning & Use last week last month recently yesterday ago last year In what situations do English speakers usethe simple past tense?Completed actions in the past What aresome common time expressions used withthe past tense?last monthrecentlylast weekyesterdayagolast year
12Examples: These actions are over, finished! I saw Maria yesterday. Last Friday, the students took their spelling and vocabulary tests.They got married two years ago.These actionsare over, finished!
13pronunciationof regular verbsThe –ed ending in English has:3 different soundsdtid
14Some regular verbs end with a “t” sound: WalkedLaughedWashedTalkedjumped
15Some regular verbs end with a “d” sound: plannedplayedlearnedansweredloved
16Other regular verbs end with an “id” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable:Simple Form Past TenseinviteinvitedwaitedWaitdecideddecide
17There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the –ed. However,It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed verbs have a t sound, which have a d sound, and which have an id sound.And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.