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LESSON 2 ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLAIRE ELIZABETH WALLIS
THE VERB TO BE I AM YOU ARE HE IS REMEMBER IT IS POSSIBLE TO SHE IS USE CONTRACTIONS IT IS WE ARE YOU ARE THEY ARE
THE VERB TO BE I AM - I WAS YOU ARE - YOU WERE HE IS – HE WAS IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO SHE IS – SHE WAS USE CONTRACTIONS IT IS – IT WAS WE ARE – WE WERE YOU ARE – YOU WERE THEY ARE – THEY WERE
COMPARE TOM IS 40 YEARS OLD. TOM’S FATHER WAS 75 YEARS OLD WHEN HE DIED.
COMPARE TODAY IT IS SUNNY. YESTERDAY IT WAS COLD AND WINDY. YOU ARE HAPPY TODAY. YESTERDAY YOU WERE SAD.
FORMS + HE WAS FROM STRATFORD UPON AVON. -HE WASN’T ITALIAN. ? WAS HE THE GREATEST WRITER OF ALL TIME?
NEGATIVE FORM I WASN’T YOU WEREN’T HE WASN’T SHE WASN’T IT WASN’T WE WEREN’T YOU WEREN’T THEY WEREN’T
QUESTIONS WAS I …? WERE YOU …? WAS HE …? WAS SHE …? WAS IT …? WERE WE …? WERE YOU …? WERE THEY …?
REGULAR VERBS ALL REGULAR VERBS IN THE PAST FINISH IN ED. PLAY I PLAYED YOU PLAYED HE/SHE/IT PLAYED WE PLAYED YOU PLAYED THEY PLAYED
PAST SIMPLE REGULAR THE PAST SIMPLE IS THE SAME FOR ALL PERSONS. GRAMMATICALLY IT IS VERY EASY BUT THE PRONUNCIATION IS DIFFICULT.
PAST SIMPLE REGULAR HOW DO YOU PRONOUNCE THE FOLLOWING VERBS? PLAYED, STUDIED, WALKED, STOPPED, WAITED, LANDED, WANTED, DANCED, ARRIVED, WATCHED, VISITED, WASHED, BOXED, TALKED.
PAST SIMPLE REGULAR /d/ - dog GENERALLY THE PRONUNCIATION IS D PLAYED, STAYED /id/ IF THE FINAL SOUND IS T OR D WANTED, WAITED, LANDED,
PAST SIMPLE REGULAR /t/ - t-shirt IF THE FINAL SOUND IS CH, SH, K, P, S, X, THE PRONUNCIATION IS T WATCHED, WASHED, LOOKED, STOPPED, BOXED DANCED /t/ why?
GRAMMAR + I PLAYED FOOTBALL YESTERDAY. -I DIDN’T PLAY BASKETBALL ? DID YOU PLAY FOOTBALL YESTERDAY? YES, I DID – NO, I DIDN’T
GRAMMAR WHEN WE MAKE THE NEGATIVE WE USE DIDN’T + INFINITIVE I DIDN’T PLAY FOOTBALL YESTERDAY.
GRAMMAR WHEN WE MAKE QUESTIONS WE USE Q.A.S.I WHAT DID YOU STUDY YESTERDAY? A.S.I DID YOU STUDY YESTERDAY? YES, I DID – NO, I DIDN’T
IRREGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBS ARE DIFFERENT AND NEED TO BE LEARNT BY HEART. YOU WILL FIND A LIST IN THE BACK OF YOUR BOOKS.
IRREGULAR VERBS THE GRAMMAR WORKS IN THE SAME WAY. + HE WENT TO THE CINEMA YESTERDAY. -HE DIDN’T GO TO THE CINEMA YESTERDAY. ? DID HE GO TO THE CINEMA YESTERDAY? (YES, HE DID/ NO, HE DIDN’T)
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The Wolf went to Granny’s house. Granny opened the door and the Wolf came in and ate Granny!
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