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Simple Past Tense -Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation.

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Presentation on theme: "Simple Past Tense -Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Simple Past Tense -Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation

2 How do we form the simple past tense? English has two types of verbs in the past: -regular -irregular

3 Let’s read the following list of past tense verbs….. Which are regular and which are irregular? walkedregular studiedregular taughtirregular gaveirregular became irregular criedregular livedregular didirregular

4 Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed Simple form verbs: walk study cry live Past tense verbs: walked studied cried lived

5 Rules for adding –ed: Add –ed to most verbs Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e” (smile= smiled). Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (carry= carried, study= studied). Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged, stop= stopped).

6 Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in –ed…….. Sometimes with irregular past tense verbs you have to change the vowel to make the verb past tense: becomebecame give gave drive drove forget forgot

7 Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change…..you need to memorize these! teach bring leave hear buy taught brought left heard bought

8 Why do we use past tense verbs? TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!

9 PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS…… The –ed ending in English has three different sounds: t: walked, talked, jumped d: played, loved, answered id: invited, waited decided.... *With –id sounding words, there is another syllable!

10 How can you practice past tense verbs? Phonemically (word sorts) Bingo! Modeling Survey says…… Nancy Fetzer……… Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to practice = Skill mastery!!!!!


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