Presentation on theme: "Simple Past Tense -Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation."— Presentation transcript:
Simple Past Tense -Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation
How do we form the simple past tense? English has two types of verbs in the past: -regular -irregular
Let’s read the following list of past tense verbs….. Which are regular and which are irregular? walkedregular studiedregular taughtirregular gaveirregular became irregular criedregular livedregular didirregular
Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed Simple form verbs: walk study cry live Past tense verbs: walked studied cried lived
Rules for adding –ed: Add –ed to most verbs Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e” (smile= smiled). Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (carry= carried, study= studied). Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged, stop= stopped).
Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in –ed…….. Sometimes with irregular past tense verbs you have to change the vowel to make the verb past tense: becomebecame give gave drive drove forget forgot
Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change…..you need to memorize these! teach bring leave hear buy taught brought left heard bought
Why do we use past tense verbs? TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!
PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS…… The –ed ending in English has three different sounds: t: walked, talked, jumped d: played, loved, answered id: invited, waited decided.... *With –id sounding words, there is another syllable!
How can you practice past tense verbs? Phonemically (word sorts) Bingo! Modeling Survey says…… Nancy Fetzer……… Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to practice = Skill mastery!!!!!