Presentation on theme: "-Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation"— Presentation transcript:
1 -Form -Meaning and Use -Pronunciation Simple Past Tense-Form-Meaning and Use-Pronunciation
2 How do we form the simple past tense? English has two types of verbs in the past:-regular-irregular
3 Let’s read the following list of past tense verbs… Let’s read the following list of past tense verbs….. Which are regular and which are irregular?walked regularstudied regulartaught irregulargave irregularbecame irregularcried regularlived regulardid irregular
4 Regular verbs are verbs that end with -ed Simple form verbs:walkstudycrylivePast tense verbs:walkedstudiedcriedlivedDo you know the rule for choosing -ed or ied?
5 Rules for adding –ed: Add –ed to most verbs Drop the “e” and add “ed” to verbs that end with “e” (smile= smiled).Change the “y” to “i” and add –ed to verbs that end with a consonant and “y” (carry= carried, study= studied).Double the consonant and add –ed to verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant ( drag= dragged, stop= stopped).
6 Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t end in –ed…….. Sometimes with irregular past tense verbs you have to change the vowel to make the verb past tense:become becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgot
7 Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change… Other irregular verbs have a different kind of change…..you need to memorize these!teachbringleavehearbuytaughtbroughtleftheardbought
8 Why do we use past tense verbs? TO TELL THAT AN ACTION IS COMPLETED!!!!!! FINISHED!!! OVER!!!YESTERDAYLONG AGOLAST WEEKONCE UPON A TIME...RECENTLY
9 PRONOUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS…… The –ed ending in English has three different sounds:t: walked, talked, jumpedd: played, loved, answeredid: invited, waited decided....*With –id sounding words, there is another syllable!
10 How can you practice past tense verbs? Phonemically (word sorts)Bingo!ModelingSurvey says……Nancy Fetzer………Direct instruction + muiltiple opportunities to practice = Skill mastery!!!!!